A squad of half-wings, which people used to call bugs, is very numerous and many-sided. Different types of bedbugs, known to date entomologists, sometimes so much differ from each other in appearance, food preferences and lifestyle, which the layman is unlikely to consider their relatives.
Bugs can be found everywhere: in fields and flower beds, on land and at sea, some families have settled in the tropics, others have learned to endure severe Siberian winters. Some prefer vegetarian food, others hunt their own kind, and still others are real bloodsuckers.
There are also varieties of bedbugs that are too much attached to people. They appreciate the comfort of human buildings and for a mile feel the warmth of their victims. Together with its source of food bugs are able to travel the world, so they may even be in the Arctic.
Let's get acquainted with different types and types of bedbugs, and see how they look on the photo.
Pests of farmland
Oh, as gardeners and gardeners of bedbugs do not like. After all, many of them destroy the planting, so cherished by man.
Each mistress knows the fate of her own crops in the face. It is often found on the beds of the Cabbage bug. He is noticeable from afar in his red-and-black outfit, for good reason he is called decorated (see photo):
His partner, the Rape bug, gleams the blue-green back with spots and stripes of white or red color (however, the color of his changeable):
Bright, causing coloration is characteristic for many types of bedbugs. It serves as a kind of protection against natural enemies, they say, here I am, what a terrible thing.
There can be bedbugs in case of danger and another argument to use is an unpleasant smell. Special glands, found in most Semi-Winged Wings, produce a substance - cymicinic acid. It is she who provides the bugs with a fragrance, because of which they are not very fond of people, and birds do not tend to stick them together.
These insects are for good reason united into one group of cruciferous bugs, because it is plants from the family with the same name that are most often subjected to invasion of such pests - radish and turnip, rape and cabbage. Adult individuals and larvae feed on the juice of the plant, damaging its tender skin. On leaves there are yellowish specks - traces of insect repast. Uneasy seedlings after such injuries can die.
Light green shield (Palomena Prasina). This type of bedbug can be recognized by a greenish-yellow color, oval, slightly narrowed posteriorly and characteristic protrusions from both sides of the trunk. They serve as a sign of the bug's belonging to the family of defenders. By autumn, the color of the insect miraculously changes to brown. He can be found in the garden, he eats juices of raspberries and gooseberries, but does not disdain and cereal crops. This bug can spoil the impression of children who decided to eat a berry. Below are his photos:
Bug-bug is harmful (Eurygaster integriceps) - a gray nondescript creation, as you can see by looking at the photo of this type of bedbug:
Having wintered in the fallen leaves, the starving insects furiously pull the juices from the young shoots of cereals, and the larvae leave the eggs by the time the ear sprouts and damages it. Grains become unsuitable for cooking flour and lose their germination.
Turtles together Bread bug from the family Slepnja and bedbugs of other species ruined not one grain field. It is unlikely that someone will become fond of love for such animals. So the masters of the estates suffer their hatred for all other types of bedbugs, even completely innocent
But, it turns out, a disgusting smell does not always help bedbugs to escape retaliation. Each hen, let out to walk around the field, can destroy up to one and a half thousand harmful tortoises per day.
Combat coloring of some types of bedbugs fulfills its mission - they are cautious. Take a look at the photo below. This is a Bug linea (Graphosoma lineatum), sometimes called Italian, either in honor of the area where it was first discovered, or for resemblance to the form of the Guardsmen of the Pope:
After meeting such a handsome man in his garden, many would seriously be scared, taking him for the Colorado beetle, which underwent a mutation. But in fact, special harm to the garden and the garden of minke can not bring, they prefer umbelliferous plants.
Even in the years of their mass reproduction, coping with them is quite easy - just collect manually. Period of mating, these bugs are usually spent gathering a company, so it's easier for them to find a soul mate.
And who did not see how whole groups of soldiers accumulate on stumps or under the roots of trees? The scientific name of this species of bugs is the Red-winged Wingless (Pyrrhocoris apterus). And their photos are shown below:
These familiar from childhood insects are widely distributed, feed on the fallen seeds and remains of dead invertebrates
Olhovy bug-hen (Elasmucha fieber) - a typical representative of the family of tree dodgers . Recovering from winter hibernation, by the beginning of summer, this unusual species of bedbugs enters a breeding season:
Female alder bug firmly established on the leaves of alder, currant or birch. There they spend a lot of time, first they protect the laid eggs, then they nurse with hatched larvae. Klopiha does not depart from his offspring, until the kids become sufficiently active and they do not leave their native nest.
Bedbugs are conquerors of the water element
On the water surface of ponds or lakes you can see a slender and bright insect with a thin body on high, widely spaced legs:
Strange as it may seem, this is the representative of the family of Half-Horsecloths - the Aquarius ordinary (Gerris lacustris). Some invisible force keeps it on the surface of the water.
The paws of it are abundantly covered with small hairs, they never become wet due to the fatty grease covering the hairs. The bug quickly slides on the water and sucks the juice out of the insects popping and falling into the water. For the winter, water meters, limping, leave the reservoir and find refuge in the fallen leaves.
No less interesting is another species of living in the aquatic environment bugs - Water Scorpion (Nepa cinerea):
His appearance justifies the name. Front paws, more like claws, serve to capture the victim, and behind it there is a long outgrowth, similar to a needle. The bedbug lives in shallow water, because he does not know how to swim, hides in algae, crawls on the bottom in anticipation of the victim, exposing the tail process over the water, he serves as a device for breathing.
There are real swimmers among the bugs. In the photo you can see one of them:
This is Plautus (Hiocoris cimicoides). He has a dark green olive-tinged body, paws shaped like oars and densely covered with hairs. This kind of bedbug hunts larvae of insects, fry and shellfish and spends almost all day.
Bedbugs are parasites
Unfortunately, there are very unpleasant species in the order of the Klopes. They are traded by sucking blood from people and warm-blooded animals. As soon as the insect depicted in the photo is not called:
Bedbugs, it's home or underwear. Biologists classify it as Cimex lectularius. A flat, wingless creature with a sharp sense of smell, capable of changing size and color, saturated with blood. In general, the family has more than 70 types of bed bugs.
His closest relative is the Burning Bug, or Cimex Hemipterus:
Outwardly, very little differs from a colleague, but a number of features allowed scientists to separate it into a separate species. He moves more slowly, slightly bouncing, can not stand the cold, and therefore is prevalent exclusively in countries with a hot climate, with the occasional delivery to the northern latitudes for a long time there does not survive.
Bites of a burning bug are more palpable: it is a pronounced allergic reaction by the type of urticaria, severe itching, often blisters appear up to 5 cm.
But the most dangerous to people representative of the squad Half-wings spread lives in Latin America:
Triathoma bugs from the family of predators are nocturnal and often attack sleeping people. Their bite provokes a different degree of severity of the allergic reaction: from a slight irritation to anaphylactic shock.
But this is not all the evil he is capable of. Insects are carriers of a lethal disease caused by protozoa, - trypanosomiasis, otherwise Chagas disease. For this, the bites of the Triumm bugs were called deadly kisses.
And the bedbug is able to benefit
Man is accustomed to think rationally and evaluate the surrounding fauna, based on the benefits that it brings to him. Pests of farmland and ectoparasites are perceived as aggressors, they are being ruthlessly combated. But often help comes from the side where you least expect it.
Potatoes are considered second bread. On what only tricks people do not go to save cherished root crops from the Colorado beetle. But they have allies in this struggle.
Zicron is blue, a kind of bedbug-predators come from England. A slate-green with a metallic shine is an insect that can only hunt in the daytime due to the fact that at night it simply does not see. Zikron eats eggs or small larvae of leaf beetles.
Another fighter belongs to the genus Perillus - Perillus bioculatus .:
It is noticed that he manages to cope even with the imagos. While bugs can not compete with insecticides, scientists are actively studying the possibility of using entomophages in the battle for preserving the crop.
The fauna of the tropical countries is interesting and unusual for the view of the Russian. There are special types of bedbugs, which affect size, shapes and colors. Here such an unusual creature, imprinted on the photo, you can admire the forests of South America:
The leaf-legged bedbug, belonging to the family of the Krayeviks, has unusual extensions on the hind legs, a likeness of leaves.
The world of insects is huge, their life, subordinated to strange instincts and full of wonderful transformations, causes genuine interest. Few people know what beautiful kinds of bedbugs are found on our planet. People are used to thinking about this detachment badly, but there are in it truly unique specimens, capable of pleasing the eye and amaze.