Generally speaking, this type, like a garden bug, entomology does not know. This name in common use collectively refers to all the bug-protectors, which live in planted areas planted with plants. Sometimes these insects are also called garden bugs, which are the same thing (especially for many gardeners, a garden and a garden is one common site near the house).
At the usual summer 6 hectare you can meet representatives of several dozen species of these insects with a very diverse body shape and color. Moreover, the garden bug can be both a pest damaging various plants, and a very useful fighter of other harmful insects.
The pictures below show typical garden bugs - berry defenders. This is one of those same bedbugs, stinking, leaving a luscious sweet smell on their hands and which some people for some reason are afraid of panicky:
"Terrible insects. I'm afraid of them since childhood, right now I'm shaking all over when I see it! Sometimes they fly into our house directly, then all day I can not calm down. How can I remember this nasty smell ... "
Yana, St. Petersburg
Being bright and beautifully painted insects, garden bugs can be of sports interest for a naturalist-lover:
Among them there are also dangerous pests of agriculture. For example, some bugs in the garden damage the leaves of cabbage and radish, others parasitize on pear trees and cucumbers in greenhouses.
All harmful garden bugs feed on plant juices, piercing the peel of leaves or soft stems and sucking out the nutritious juices. On the leaves, after that, brown spots appear, which in time increase in size. Leaves of cucumbers and cabbage after this attack are often twisted and wither.
The photo below shows an ordinary garden bug on a cabbage leaf:
On a note
Bedbugs are malicious pests of agriculture on a national scale. The loss of crops from the activity of the so-called bedbug of a harmful turtle is estimated in thousands of tons of grain per year, and in some gardens up to a quarter of young trees die from attacks of a pear bug.
So, some garden bugs are pests. For this reason, gardeners and farmers are useful to know how to get rid of them and prevent mass reproduction in the future. However, one should also be able to distinguish different types of bedbugs from each other: after all, some of them are useful predators, actively destroying aphids, thrips, caterpillars of harmful butterflies and larvae of Colorado beetles. The fight against harmful garden bugs should not affect such assistants.
Harmful garden bugs
There are a lot of different kinds of harmful garden bugs. There are typical pests that parasitize specifically on fruit and berry crops, and there are also representatives who easily switch from food to wild plants for sabotage in orchards.
- A typical example is the green forest guard, the villagers are known as the green garden bug. He usually feeds on a variety of wild and park trees and shrubs, but also eagerly enters the garden areas and, in the first place, damages the raspberries. The photo shows an adult of his individual:
- Even more dangerous for the garden is the cruciferous bedbug, in science called the eurydama northern bed. This pest is similar to the usual bug of a soldier , and feeds on cabbage, radish, radish, watercress and some other plants, often leading to their death;
- Pear bedbugs - have a very interesting appearance. They eat on apple, pear, quince, plum, apricot, cherry and some others, with abundant breeding, leading to a fall from the trees of a part of the foliage and the death of the fruit.
- Already mentioned berry scum - pest of currants, raspberries, gooseberries, chokeberry. The photo below shows a representative of this species.
- The cucumber bug is one of the smallest. The length of his body usually does not exceed 3 mm. It is held mainly on the underside of the leaves of cucumbers, eggplants, tomatoes, sweet peppers, and therefore is barely noticeable. Often infects greenhouses. It has a characteristic body shape and jumps well. In the photo there are adult insects:
- Bedbug is a harmful turtle in gardens and in vegetable gardens is rare. His diet consists of cereals, and only occasionally this bug harms other plants. With mass reproduction, these insects can fly in large numbers to areas from surrounding fields.
- A whole family of sleet bugs is a real scourge in the European part of Russia. These garden bedbugs can harm almost all plants, and because of the rather small size, they rarely attract attention. In the photo there is a bug-eyed bug:
Can garden bugs be dangerous to humans?
Among the bedbugs that occur in orchards and gardens in Russia, there are no species that are dangerous to humans. "Domestic" herbivorous and even carnivorous bugs have too soft proboscis, which they simply can not pierce the skin of a person, that is, they can not bite.
However, very rare cases are known when garden bugs still bite a person, but this is an exception to the rules.
As for bed bugs that feed on blood, in gardens and orchards, of course, they do not occur.
On a note
In tropical countries, especially in South America, some triatomic bugs are found on agricultural lands, in gardens and in vegetable gardens, where they parasitize various mammals and can attack even humans. These insects carry the deadly Chagas disease.
Bedbugs-protectors: a variety of species and colors
Shchitniki - a large family of bedbugs, which has more than 4000 species. In this family there are both harmful for gardening species, and useful (predatory), so voracious that they are even bred at special stations for the purpose of release to agricultural lands for the destruction of pests.
Shchitniki often brightly painted. For example, the photo shows an Italian bug:
And here is a red-legged guard who can damage trees and eat other pests at the same time:
Shchitnik boy, who has a very intricate color - is also one of the pests:
And in this photo there is an earth shard:
Predatory bugs are helpers in the struggle for harvest
Although in our country there are quite a lot of different types of carnivorous bugs, but as a whole, because of their small number, they rarely seriously affect the populations of harmful insects. Predatory bugs are often found in the gardens, but they usually do not attract attention to themselves.
In the photo - a predator ringed, often found near apiaries. He hunts bees, waiting for them on flowers:
From North America to Europe, a bug of perillus of a two-century (Perillus bioculatus) - a scabbard, which effectively destroys larvae and adult Colorado beetles:
However, in the conditions of our country this species does not tolerate wintering and dies. Only in the Krasnodar Territory were found the populations acclimatized and successfully wintering.
Pikromerus is a bug that inhabits the European part of Russia and Europe. It actively eats practically any caterpillars and larvae, including a scoop, a sawfly and a Colorado beetle:
And one more kind - posdus - is specially produced on the fields in the spring and does not winter. It can sometimes be found in the garden after such a massive release:
Red-flies ordinary, or soldiers
And of course, the most famous and common type of bugs in the gardens and in the gardens is the so-called bug-soldier, or ordinary red-claw. Sometimes these insects can be so much that they begin to harm plants, although they are usually harmless to the farm.
Toy soldiers are found both in the gardens and near the outbuildings. They feed on various plant and animal foods, mostly dead insects, rotting plant residues and fruits. Only in rare cases, red flies can suck the juices of plants, including grapes and young trees, causing them harm.
Perhaps the main feature of the bedbugs of soldiers is their colonialism. It is because of it that they are so noticeable on stumps, stones and just on the ground.
Dozens and hundreds of red insects are especially striking in the early spring, when they are just beginning their active life.
How to get rid of bug-pests in the garden
When meetings with harmful bugs in the garden become regular, and on plants you notice damaged leaves - it's time to start the fight, not expecting the pests to cause even more damage.
In greenhouses, the fight should begin immediately after the discovery of the first individuals of insects. This is especially true for a cucumber bug.
Methods of combating garden bugs are divided into chemical and agrotechnical. The first include spraying plants with insecticides (usually from the group of pyrethroids or organophosphates), and one should strive to process both leaf surfaces. It is recommended to use insecticides of selective action (for example, the agent of Aktar) - they do not affect the useful bugs, but actively destroy pests.
Agrotechnical measures for combating garden bugs are, first of all, cleaning of fallen leaves, among which there are wintering adults, plowing rows or the whole area of the garden. If the site is small, and there are few trees and bushes on it, it is reasonable to manually collect the leaves with larvae deposited on them. This measure is safe for the garden and is quite effective.