The question of how to get rid of cockroaches in an apartment has long ceased to be a serious problem: over the past half century the chemical industry has developed quite a lot of means that are as effective in helping to get rid of cockroaches as much as safe for humans.
But scientists and technologists are still arguing about how to get rid of cockroaches once and for all: this task requires not only a one-time application of the necessary means, but also a methodical work to improve the condition of the apartment itself, the adjacent premises and their sanitary condition.
In this case, disposal of cockroaches should be combined with a whole range of sanitary measures.
Effective ways to get rid of cockroaches
The most effective way to get rid of cockroaches is, as it is not strange, to establish complete cleanliness and order in the apartment, as well as their constant maintenance at the proper level. Such measures will not work right away, but in the long term they will create unbearable conditions for the life of cockroaches.
On a note
It is checked that the cockroaches themselves and permanently leave the apartment, in which conditions unfit for their lives are created. In this case, no additional destruction or repelling of insects with potent agents is required. On the contrary, apartments dirty and littered are constantly populated by cockroaches, even when the owners regularly treat them with powerful insecticides.
In order that cockroaches in the house could not exist, it is necessary:
- Ensure that no food is left in the rooms. All uneaten food remains should be hidden in a refrigerator or packed in cans or dense plastic bags, wiping surfaces on which crumbs, butter or spilled beverages can be preserved.
- Thoroughly wipe all the sinks, bath and dishes. Cockroaches need constant access to water, and in the absence of it leave the room very quickly.
- Get rid of the emerging places that can serve as cockroaches shelter: peeling wallpaper, cracked plinths, cracks in the parquet floor, open niches for furniture.
- Regularly ventilate the room - this will not only help get rid of the cockroaches in the apartment, but also maintain good health among the people living in it.
"No matter how much we poisoned the cockroaches with all sorts of Raid and Dust, they returned anyway. We talked with neighbors in the hostel, but they did not show much enthusiasm. And after all, the Prussians get on them! When they moved to the apartment, they immediately saw the Prusaks here. But the repair did qualitative, and now I constantly put things in order, I remove the food from the table in the fridge, I follow the cleanliness. As a result, the apartment is clean and without insects. "
And only after getting rid of cockroaches in such ways quickly did not work, it is necessary to apply methods of their direct destruction - to speed up the effect:
- treatment of premises with insecticides. For today, this is the best way to get rid of cockroaches, providing a quick result and the ability to apply always and everywhere. Many chemical agents work well against cockroaches, including common Get, Raid, Raptor, Off and traditional Dichlorfos, Dust and Carbophos. It is important only to choose those that are the least dangerous for humans.
- Freezing apartment or house. A very effective way to get rid of cockroaches: Imago and larvae of all species die with a temperature lower than minus 8 ° C. Accordingly, for residents of most of Russia in winter, this method is most suitable: it is absolutely safe and free. It is important only in advance to take care of the safety of the heating system and water supply.
- Use of special traps. No matter how fast and inconspicuous the cockroaches are, you can get rid of them with the help of well-known Velcro hooks and traps, in which they either hide, or to which they stick and can no longer get out. The advantage of this method is that it does not require the expenditure of effort and time for disinfestation. But it helps to completely get rid of cockroaches only with a small number of them.
- The use of poisoned baits. It is also quite an effective way, but it works only with a small number of pests in the room. Lures such are prepared most often with the use of boric acid.
"At the forum I read the recipe for poisonous balls from cockroaches. I had to buy boric acid in the pharmacy. I mixed it with flour and vegetable oil, I made piles, spread out on the nightstands, and now I only collect corpses in the morning. Especially a lot of them under the sink - for two or three every day I find ... "
It is important to remember that these ways of getting rid of cockroaches allow you to destroy insects, as they say, here and now. But none of them guarantees that in a week or a month the Prussians and their black relatives will not creep in again from the neighbors.
Because to get rid of cockroaches for good, these methods should be used in conjunction with general improvement and cleaning of the apartment.
Application of insecticides against cockroaches
To date, this method is considered the most universal and effective. Owners of apartments can apply it independently, and can call special services of pest control, including local SES.
The main advantage of insecticides is the totality of their action: they penetrate with air or on the feet of the insects themselves, where a person can not reach.
The advantage of calling SES is the high efficiency of processing the premises and the safety of pest control for residents and domestic animals. All the processing of the room takes place by the forces of a special brigade, using professional preparations stronger than those sold in the markets.
Before you get rid of cockroaches and cockroaches by special brigades, you must remove all residents and domestic animals from the premises on the day of treatment. And after processing, following the instructions of the company manager, to conduct a wet cleaning in the house and to ventilate all the rooms.
The services of pest control products in total cost a little more than the insecticide itself costs. So, complete disinfestation of a two-room apartment from cockroaches in the Moscow region costs about 2500 rubles.
It is most reasonable to resort to the help of professionals when it is necessary to handle a large number of premises (for example - in the food block department) when there are very many cockroaches in the house, or in a concerted pest control with a whole apartment building or hostel.
Use insecticidal drugs alone when you need to process only a few small rooms. For example - one apartment. In this case, the features of the drug will depend on the form in which the insecticide is released.
Poisons in the form of sprays are sprayed in the places of the most probable presence of insects - in the bedside tables, under the sinks, behind the cupboards, around the baseboards, behind the carpets. Before you get rid of cockroaches at home with insecticide, it is advisable to move furniture in the kitchen and rooms from the walls and raise the edges and corners of linoleum, carpets and carpet paths.
Before processing, all residents and pets must be removed from the premises. The treatment itself should be carried out in closed clothes and preferably in gloves, glasses and a cotton-gauze dressing, with closed windows and doors.
After treatment, the apartment must be allowed to stand for several hours, after which it is ventilated, the dead insects are removed, and all surfaces are carefully wiped with a damp cloth.
Working with powder insecticides requires scattering them in places of movement and accumulation of insects. It is important to ensure that these powders are inaccessible to children and pets and are located under carpets, behind the tables or inside them.
In a pencil (for example, insecticide petty Mashenka), the apartment is treated in a similar way. The only difference is that the pencil can be applied to vertical surfaces and clearly limit the movement of pests with it.
The advantage of powder bullets and pencils is that they can be used without evacuating residents of the premises and make the processing itself invisible. But even despite the high toxicity of these drugs for cockroaches, they rather play an auxiliary role, especially when there are many insects in the apartment.
Sprays also work usually more efficiently because they get into the respiratory tract of the pest in addition to his desire.
The most effective and popular means for self-exterminating cockroaches are:
- Combat commander
- Medilis Ziper.
All these drugs can be bought at markets and in hardware stores. Professional means are Tetriks, Chlorpyrimak, Sinuzan, Ektermin, Minal.
Powders against cockroaches are often called dust, although earlier this term was understood only by DDT. From powder preparations against cockroaches are most known:
- Fenaks and Phenaxin
And the most famous pencil is the famous since the Soviet times Masha. Today, in addition to it, there are chalks of Chinese origin on the market, but they have no obvious advantages over Mashenka.
Perhaps the most effective form of release of insecticides are gels - they allow you to get rid of cockroaches, even in heavily infected rooms. And although in essence they differ little from other drugs, the way they are used and, most importantly, their effectiveness - have earned them great popularity. Therefore, it is necessary to tell about cockroach gels separately.
Insecticidal gels from cockroaches
The composition of most cockroach gels includes bait for insects and the actual poison, which is insipid for them.
As a bait most often used flavorings of chocolate, honey, anise or vanilla. These smells are very weak and invisible to humans. They attract roaches very much.
The principle of the action of gels is based on the fact that the consumed poison bait cockroach dies after 10-30 hours. This happens in the shelter, as a rule - surrounded by other cockroaches. Kindred after the death of an insect eat its chitinous shells, which have the smell of the gel itself, and are poisoned too. Thus, one cockroach triggers a kind of chain reaction, leading to the death of many cockroaches.
On a note
According to the manufacturers, one drop of a gel the size of a rice grain is enough to kill 500 cockroaches. Precisely these figures are unlikely to be checked by anyone, but the effectiveness of the gels themselves when applied in everyday life is beyond doubt.
All gels from cockroaches are produced either in syringes or in tubes. In any case, they should be applied to the surface in separate small drops, preferably near the places where insects are gathered or where they move.
If the cockroaches in the apartment too much, you can make of these drops whole paths near the skirting boards and cracks behind the furniture. Before such treatment it is desirable to conduct thorough cleaning in the room, sweep away crumbs from the table and hide food products.
The frequency and amount of the gel applied depends on the brand itself.
Let's consider the most popular cockroach gels for today ...
Produced in tubes of 100 gr. It is considered one of the most effective gels. It is applied by drops in the corners of the bedside tables, furniture in the kitchen, near the skirting boards, next to the radiators. It is important to apply the gel wherever pets and children can not get it.
It is important!
Today, counterfeits of Global Gel, cheap and ineffective, appear on the market. Calculate them is not difficult: the original gel is made in Germany and all the inscriptions on the packaging are in German. In addition, the original name of the product is Globol, with the second "o". Counterfeits are issued in packages that repeat the design of the original, but have Russian-language inscriptions and the name "Global".
The price of Globol gel is 200 rubles per 100-gram tube. One tube is enough to destroy cockroaches in an apartment of 40 square meters. m.
"A good gel really helps to get rid of cockroaches. Only if you want them to completely destroy the Prussian, buy and neighbors. And then they still climb through the ventilation and die already in the apartment. "
Raptor cockroach gel
The Raptor gel is based on the substance cyhalothrin, an effective poison against insects, penetrating through the walls of the digestive tract into the blood and the nervous system. As attractants for insects, the gel contains apricot and vanilla flavorings.
Used in the same way as Global, but for convenience of use has on the tube a special elongated cap. One tube Raptor is enough to get rid of cockroaches premises of 10 square meters. m. In this case, the gel itself should be applied with dotted lines - 2 cm strips of gel alternate with 2-3 cm of the gap.
The most effective use of the gel for double treatment of the room with a break in a month.
It is considered for today the best way to combine price and quality. Produced in 125-gram tubes with a cost of 140 rubles.
Absolut-gel is applied on the surface with individual drops, which are then easily wiped off with a damp cloth and leave no residue. After treatment, the peak of the death of cockroaches occurs after 2-3 weeks. The applied gel retains its effectiveness for 4 months.
Russian development, fundamentally no different from other otra. The active substance is Chlorpyrifos, but 97% of the agents are attractants and bitterness. To the last cockroaches are not sensitive, but they are not tolerated by pets and children. Thanks to this, even after stumbling upon the drops of the House, the warm-blooded inhabitants of the apartment will not eat it.
The gel is applied by separate tracks from the drops along the edge of the skirting and near the trash can, under the sink and behind the cupboards. If necessary, the gel can be applied to strips of paper and laid out under furniture. At the highest degree of infection of the room cockroaches are exterminated in it for 3-4 weeks.
"Take the Brownie. This is our product, against our cockroaches. Once you spread it and forget about it. My husband and I brought them to the apartment, which we rent to the lodgers, there were millions of cockroaches. Two tubes were enough for the kitchen and two rooms, for two weeks, while windows were changing and furniture was being imported, they died out like dinosaurs. Buckets they carried ... "
Additional convenience of using the gel is due to the fact that it is packed in a special syringe, squeezed out the drug and which can be left without residues.
Produced in syringes with a capacity of 20 ml. The active ingredient is diazinone, the third largest organophosphorus insecticide in the world. It works both when you get into the intestines, and contact, and because an infected cockroach, entering the shelter, infects relatives, even while still alive.
"The neighbors were shocked when they found out that I did not have cockroaches. In my opinion, this Dohloks for a while even considered a chemical weapon, but now released in a form safe for humans. 100% destroys all cockroaches. I recommend".
Storming the gel paste
Storm is a means of professional application. In its composition contains alpha-cypermethrin and diazinon, which makes it compatible with gel Fas. These components belong to different classes, and their joint presence guarantees very effective eradication of cockroaches: there are still no known insects resistant to both active substances at the same time.
It is applied on the surface in the same way as the rest of the gels. Especially often used by companies for disinfestation when processing food industry enterprises, trade, hotels and boarding houses.
All gels from cockroaches do not contain fat or substances that can leave marks on surfaces. Therefore, to clean the room after treatment, it is enough to wipe the places where the gel was applied with a damp cloth.
On a note
All gels from cockroaches belong to substances of the 4th class of danger. This means that they are low-risk, can be used in any premises and require minimal measures to protect against poisoning.
Mechanical methods of struggle: traps, sneakers, vacuum cleaner
When deciding how quickly to get rid of cockroaches, many expect to simply find them, transfer them, collect them with a vacuum cleaner, and reassemble the places of the congestion.
In general, such an approach can indeed give some result: a part of the cockroaches will be definitely destroyed. However, the whole process takes a lot of effort and time, and individual insects will still remain inaccessible to human shelter.
The use of different traps is more reasonable. Before effectively getting rid of cockroaches with their help, it is necessary to determine the places where insects are found most often. At the key points of their movements or clusters, traps are set. They can work on two principles:
- Involvement of pests in the shelter - the Prusaks will simply hide in traps for a day, and to destroy them will be enough once a day to shake out the insects gathered for the night in the toilet.
- The penetration of cockroaches into traps and the inability to get out of them - according to this principle, stickers are used, to which paws are stuck in pests, or cans with oil on top of the inner surface applied in villages.
- There are also electric traps for cockroaches , powered from the outlet. Cockroaches in them die from the discharge of high-voltage current.
All traps attract cockroaches with a slice of food or a sweet smell. It is useful to use to attract pieces of cookies or bread, soaked in vegetable oil.
Rid of cockroaches freezing premises
About how it is possible to get rid of cockroaches by freezing the room, it is not necessary to say much: on a frosty day, windows are opened in the house and the room cools down in a few hours. It is important that the frost was strong - a couple of degrees below zero cockroaches do not destroy. It is desirable to cool all rooms to minus 10 ° C - minus 15 ° C.
Before freezing an apartment, it is important to drain water from radiators, pipes and boilers, otherwise they can simply splinter. Perhaps, this is the only condition that severely limits the inhabitants of northern cities in the fight against cockroaches. Inhabitants of private houses make it all easier.
On a note
In the fight against cockroaches, it is ineffective to take out the furniture for freezing - cabinets, sofas, tables, in which insects are hiding. This method justifies itself in the destruction of bedbugs - sometimes all the bugs in the apartment are hidden in one couch. Cockroaches do occupy a lot of places in the room, and you can get rid of them only by total freezing of the whole house. A variant of local freezing is possible, for example, in case you need to get rid of cockroaches in the kitchen. Here it will be enough to freeze one kitchen, closing its door and insulating blankets from other rooms.
The main thing when getting rid of cockroaches - always remember that an apartment or even a private house is connected to other premises. So, after a single stripping, insects may well return from their neighbors. Therefore, the most important condition for successful control of cockroaches is collectivity: if you get rid of pests forever, then in all the rooms at the same time. And in the future - diligently to maintain cleanliness and order, so that the cleared bridgehead seemed to the Prusak desert, unsuitable for life.