The question of how to kill bedbugs quickly becomes a priority for those who have encountered these parasites in their home. Of course, I would like to destroy all the parasites and their eggs at once, but it's very difficult to do this. The fact is that the most effective against adult bedbugs are the poisons of the pyrethroid group (Permethrin, Cypermethrin), do not affect the eggs of parasites. And ovicidal agents based on organophosphorus compounds are not as safe and effective as pyrethroids.
Therefore, the best option for rapid destruction of the entire population of bedbugs will be the combination of the means of these two groups.
Kill adult bugs: a list of effective tools
The list of the most effective means against bugs is constantly replenished. However, the first places invariably retain old enough and well-proven drugs.
It is considered one of the most effective means against bugs, was developed by Soviet chemists for military needs. The composition contains bioreagents, animal cells and a poison of a special formula that paralyzes the motor system and causes an early death of the insect.
The drug is very effective and has a prolonged action, which allows long not to re-treatment.
Most often used Clovoron in the form of dust (powder), which can be applied in dry form, or diluted with water and smeared surfaces. The drug is non-toxic to humans, however, pets should be removed for the duration of treatment.
To avoid ingress of powder into the respiratory tract, a person must always use personal protective equipment during the treatment. The drug is applied to those places where bedbugs live : in various cracks, on the back walls of furniture, under the plinth.
The executioner is a German drug with a high content (25%) of cypermethrin, which effectively kills bedbugs, affecting their nervous system. The product is harmless for people and warm-blooded animals, but it has an unpleasant smell, which, however, quickly disappears.
The executioner is on sale in the form of a liquid, 100 ml of which must be diluted in 0.5 l of water. The solution is poured into a bottle with an atomizer, with the help of which the treatment is carried out.
To prevent inhalation of the drug, personal protective equipment should be used - gloves, mask and glasses. The product is applied to all hard-to-reach places of the room, behind picture frames and on the back walls of pieces of furniture. Particularly carefully handled bed itself.
This is a newly developed agent, the key active substance of which are substances of the pyrethroid group: Cypermethrin and Permethrin, as well as Piperonyl Butoxide. The drug quickly kills bed bugs by suppressing the activity of their nervous system.
The product is packaged in convenient bottles with a capacity of 300 ml, has a pronounced odor of Dichlorvos. When processing an apartment, you should carefully approach the use of personal protective equipment and remove animals for a while.
Klopomor is applied to the places where the bugs are supposed to live, in the way of their possible movement, as well as to the rear walls of the furniture, the upholstery and the frame.
All of the above pyrethroid drugs effectively kill adult and larval bugs , but are ineffective against their eggs. The egg of the insect is protected by a special shell, which is resistant to most poisons. Therefore, when using such funds, it will be necessary to re-process after 10-14 days. During this time, new larvae will be able to hatch, which will become sensitive to the poison. Completely get rid of bugs in the apartment can be only in 2 stages.
Destruction of eggs bed bugs
The question arises: how to kill the eggs of bedbugs, if they have such good natural protection and are immune to poisons? In fact, there is a whole group of organophosphorous insecticides that affect both adult bugs and their eggs. Let's talk about some of the drugs in this group.
This is a universal insecticide, widely used by professional disinfestation services. It is a concentrate of organophosphorus compounds, which should be sprayed with insects.
However, it should be borne in mind that the drug was banned for domestic use because of its danger to humans and animals and the ability to accumulate in the body.
Carbofos is a very effective insecticide based on malathion, kills eggs, larvae and adults of the bed bug.
Permitted for domestic use and allows you to quickly solve the problem of infection of the apartment with insects, but has a persistent, sharp and unpleasant odor. Despite the ventilation and wet cleanings, the smell can not be erased from the apartment for months, provoking an allergy.
Chlorophos is a powder based on dimethylphosphonate, it is allowed for household use. The product effectively kills bed bugs at any stage of the development cycle - from the egg to the adult insect.
The preparation is presented in the form of a powder. In contact with the skin, it is not very toxic, but if inhaled (which is likely, given the form of release), the substance is dangerous and can cause serious damage to human and animal health.
Chlorpyrifos is a widespread insecticide that shows good results when fighting bed bugs at any stage of their development. Chlorpyrifos depresses the nervous system of insects, and also has an intestinal effect (although for bedbugs this is not as relevant as, for example, when fighting cockroaches).
It should be borne in mind that chlorpyrifos is quite harmful for humans and animals, the treatment of their premises should be carried out with the obligatory use of personal protective equipment.
It is interesting
US scientists conducted a study that revealed the relationship between the use of chlorpyrifos-based drugs and brain damage in children. Even after several years, it was possible to detect growths and changes in the cortex caused by the use of this poison. As a result, since 2000 in the US the use of chlorpyrifos in residential premises is prohibited.
Funds based on organophosphorus are very effective against bedbugs and can kill the entire population at a time. But they are often toxic, not always convenient to use and require caution in handling.
Combining funds from bedbugs
It turns out that after the use of pyrethroids, repeated treatment is often required, and preparations based on organophosphorus are often harmful and inconvenient to use. What to choose and how to kill bed bugs at once? The solution is simple: to combine preparations from both groups.
In order to get rid of parasites without resorting to re-treatment, and at the same time not to poison the entire house with a toxic agent, you can do the following:
- process the entire room (skirting boards, window sills, furniture and picture backs) with a pyrethroid drug;
- The nests and habitats of bugs should be treated with organophosphorus to ensure the destruction of eggs.
People's vigorous methods: ferry and frost through bugs and their eggs
Folk remedies can also help kill bedbugs. An effective method that will cope with adult insects, their larvae and eggs is the temperature treatment. And it is practiced as the freezing of bedbugs, and their destruction by steam or boiling water.
Bedbugs are rather unpretentious creatures and can live in a wide temperature range. But when the street is severe winter (below 30 degrees), then you can take out pieces of furniture on the street and leave them there for several hours. If there is an opportunity to leave for several days, the whole apartment will freeze out when the windows are open.
Bedbugs, most likely, after such processing will die, however work of sanitary systems can be broken. In addition, not every region is able to boast such temperatures in the winter.
People often also try to kill the bedbugs with a ferry . Of course, at high temperatures bugs and their eggs immediately perish. But there is a significant disadvantage of this method - inconvenience of use. Steam usually does not manage to reach the crack with bedbugs and condenses, and boiling water can be poured far from all the places in the apartment. Specialists of disinsection services also use this method, but they have special steam generators and heat radiators.
As you can see, when choosing a means to combat bugs, you need to take into account a lot of nuances and certainly you should not buy the first drug that came to your eyes. This can be not only inefficient, but also simply dangerous for health.