Bed bug bites are characterized by the fact that in most cases they are confused with the bites of other insects, various rashes on the skin and even traumas, but the real reason is beginning to be thought of as the last thing.
In this case, for a specialist entomologist, the bug bite is fairly easy to recognize, since it has a pronounced specificity.
And it is useful for ordinary citizens of city flats and country houses to learn about this specificity so that at the first bites immediately recognize parasites and take measures to combat them as early as possible. We hope that the photos given in this article will help in this.
On a note
There are cases when bites of bed bugs could not be recognized and confused with chickenpox and allergies, even dermatologists. Still, today with such defeats in hospitals are rarely addressed. Therefore, to know how to look bites bed bugs, it is desirable for everyone.
How bites of bed bugs look like
Bites bugs are similar in appearance to mosquitoes, but are slightly more painful and more clearly delineated. From the side they look like rounded swelling of red color with a prominent knob in the middle (see photo):
The main distinguishing feature of bites of bed bugs is their grouping and multiplicity. It is characteristic that during feeding each insect makes several punctures of the skin, sucking a drop of blood from each hole.
The bites of one bed bug are located along one line - more than one insect so does not bite. Characteristic and the number of bites themselves - one parasite makes 3-5 punctures of the skin at a distance of 3-4 centimeters one from the other.
In the photo below, the characteristic bite marks are clearly visible:
Bedbugs feed though not organized, but collectively. Therefore, in most cases on the human body in the morning you can find a large number of red swellings, located one next to the other. Specific bugs and "paths" are clearly visible here.
On a note
Bed bugs are several dozen species, but they bite all about equally, and the differences between them are not noticeable without a microscope. And wherever a person bites these insects, their bites always look the same.
But the sensation of a person from bites is more subjective and unequal. As a rule, adult men are less sensitive to such bites, and sometimes they are completely ignored (and do not know how they look). And reddening for the morning are already poorly visible.
Often this is one of the reasons for infecting an apartment building with bedbugs - parasites are planted in an apartment where a person simply does not pay attention to them, and from this apartment they unhindered to creep along nearby.
In general, bedbugs prefer to bite just women and children. They have a thinner skin, closer to it are blood vessels, not so pronounced the smell of the body, which can clog the smell of blood.
The people have a prejudice that bedbugs very selectively bite people. This is not true, but men for bedbugs are really a less attractive source of food.
"My poor child suffered from these terrible bites for six months. I could not even suspect that these creatures could appear in the house. All dermatologists in the city were known by name, and only one after the examination firmly said that it was insect bites.
I still thought, they say, what kind of nonsense, what insects in the house in the winter. But when she began to poison the apartment with Dichlorvos, these bedbugs crept from all the cracks. Itself then two weeks sick was, the child coughed, all the same, a poison. But I am so ashamed of him that I have given so many time to these parasites to bite him ... "
An adult bug when piercing the skin and the wall of a blood vessel begins to inject saliva into tissues and blood containing natural anesthetics. As a result, during the feeding, the bite of a domestic bug is usually not felt as a victim, and the itching appears only after the saliva components have dissolved, 15-20 minutes after the bite. The insect has time to safely retire from the place of feeding by that moment.
It is interesting
The youngest larvae of bedbugs (nymphs) do not know how to inject anesthetics into the place of bite, and therefore especially sensitive people can feel their bite even during the feeding of an insect. However, because of the small size of the nymph, the very piercing of the skin and the wall of the blood vessel is quite painless.
In the photo below, there is a larva, drinking blood:
If the bites do not scratch and do nothing, after a few hours they darken, redness and swelling subsiding, and by the end of the day only small dots remain at the puncture sites.
Nevertheless, if the apartment is infected severely, the next night, the bites will appear again, and when their number per night becomes significant, it is unlikely to fail to notice them on their body.
As a rule, bedbugs bite open areas of the skin, and therefore bites are usually placed on the neck, arms, legs, chin. On the back and sides, bites appear more often in people who sleep without pajamas.
However, even in spite of the detailed information on how the bug of a bed bug looks, it can easily be confused with the bites of other bloodsucking or simply stinging insects. Especially when there are not too many such bites. But you can figure out how to distinguish the bites of the main parasites and distinguish them from the bites of bed bugs.
How to distinguish the bites of bugs from the bites of other insects?
The way a bed bug bites makes it possible to distinguish their bites from the bites of other insects.
- From mosquito bites and fleas bug bites differ in number, grouping and presence on those parts of the body that were covered with a blanket at night. In addition, bug bites are more painful and have a pronounced red color.
- In comparison with the tick bites, the bugs and punctures, on the contrary, are smaller and softer. In addition, tick bites are most often seen during the feeding of the arthropod. The mite literally plunges its head into the wound.
- From bites of small wasps and bees bug bites are less painful. Bites of bedbugs simply itch, bites of stinging insects hurt.
From infectious rashes and allergies bites of bugs can be distinguished due to the presence on each red cone, although small, but visible to the naked eye, the point-hole through which the insect was fed. So meticulous and professional dermatologist is unlikely to confuse bites with rashes.
In addition, it is worth noting that bed bugs bite only at night and almost exclusively in the premises. If the bites appeared during the day or after sleeping on a rug on the beach, then most likely, they were caused by other insects.
What are the bites of bed bugs?
No matter how hard scientists tried, it was not possible to prove that bedbugs with bites are able to tolerate pathogens dangerous for human diseases. And this despite the fact that in the body of the bedbugs themselves, and especially in their litter, sometimes very dangerous viruses are found.
Apparently, the bedbugs for many millions of years of evolution have developed mechanisms for protecting their victims. They benefit that people (their food) are healthy.
Nevertheless, a person may have a reaction to bites bugs:
- Allergic rash, itching and pain. In especially sensitive people, Quincke's edema may develop, an increase in body temperature, and in some cases - loss of consciousness and anaphylactic shock.
On a note
An allergic reaction to bug bites was more or less detected for more than 80% of people on the planet.
- Involuntary scratching of itching wounds can lead to skin damage, suppuration and inflammation.
- Iron-deficiency anemia. It appears extremely rarely, for example, with the regular attack of a large number of bedbugs on a small child.
The main consequence of bug bites is sleep disturbance, lack of normal rest and frequent trauma to the psyche: for many people, it is a shock that insects crawl through their bodies and drink their blood.
A little bit about bites of other kinds of bugs
- water scorpions - bugs, resembling real scorpions, but living in ponds, lakes and flat rivers. The bite of a water scorpion is very painful, but it is an exceptionally protective reaction of an insect. These bugs do not feed on human blood.
- Gladyshi - also water bugs , popularly called "water wasps". Their bites are very painful, but they are also produced only in the order of self-defense.
- Bedbugs are predators, mostly in the tropics and are characterized by a bright color and large size. Bites of certain species can be fatal to humans. These bugs feed on other insects and molluscs. Among them are transitional forms that feed on human blood. For example…
- Bedbugs-triatoms are notorious kiss bugs (the skin reaction to their bite looks like a trace from a strong kiss), carriers of Chagas disease. From this disease in the tropics of South America, more people die each year than from malaria or any other disease caused by protozoa.
Nevertheless, all these types of bugs, if they bite, only in a natural habitat. In houses, and even more so - in bed, only bed bugs attack a person.
Treating bug bites
In most cases, biting bed bugs is not required. At home, these bites do not threaten anything, and with a quick and effective fight against the bugs will not be repeated.
However, with a strong allergic reaction to bites, it may be necessary to combat allergic consequences.
Particularly relevant is the treatment of bites to travelers, often spending the night in inexpensive boarding houses and hotels, in which there may be bloodsuckers. Occurring sometimes the situation with the inability to observe hygiene the next day after bites can provoke inflammation and suppuration.
"On the last day in Sulawesi, already at the port, we settled into a cheap guesthouse, because normal boarding houses were already closed. A terrible room, stuffed with bedbugs. We were bitten even before we fell asleep. We left the keys on the bed, took our things and went to sleep on the beach ... "
In all cases, bites of bugs should firstly be washed with warm water and soap, and then greased with alcohol.
Well manifest any softening and soothing ointments: Afloderm, Menovazine, propolis-based gels. Menovazin, by the way, will help if you have an allergy.
In tropical countries, pharmacies should buy any ointments from allergies or insect bites, they give good results.
But the best protection against bug bites is to destroy the insects themselves. To do this, there are many tools today, but you still need to be able to choose the optimal drug among all this variety.