Hornets in relation to humans - insects in general are not very aggressive. Being far from the nest, they rarely start attacking the first, moreover, usually these predators try to escape, fly away from the person catching them. Hornets attack only when they protect their home or understand that it is impossible to hide from the pursuer.
Thus, and to deal with hornets in the cottage or apiary is necessary only if they either present a danger to people, or get used to hunt honey bees.
If one or more hornets just fly to the kitchen garden in order to find food - this is for the landlord only a blessing, because, when they harvest food, these predators kill many agricultural pests. But in the case of the arrangement of insects directly on the site or, what is even more dangerous, in the economic construction, it is necessary to think as quickly as possible how to remove the hornets and remove their nest quickly and without risk to health.
As for beekeepers, they sometimes have to organize the destruction of hornet, even with a significant removal of the nest of predators from the location of the hives. The point here is that hornets against bees are formidable killers: these insects can fly to honey farms for a distance of 3-4 km, and gathering a swarm, even completely ruin the bee colonies.
You can fight with hornets either independently or by special services, in which there is a service to eliminate hornets and their nests. Everyone chooses which option is preferable for him: to trust for a fee to professionals or, having learned the subtleties, to bring the fight against hornets to the end itself.
On a note
The general destruction of hornets with or without it leads to the fact that these large wasps in our country are becoming increasingly rare, and in some regions they are already brought to the local Red Books. It is important to remember that hornets are reliable fighters of many harmful insects, therefore in vegetable gardens they bring only good. The struggle against hornets is reasonable only when there is an acute need and the impossibility of establishing good-neighborly relations.
Means for breeding hornets
So, suppose that on the site to some extent there are hornets. How to deal with them?
In most cases, the fight against hornets in the dacha consists of three stages: first, the location of the nest is located, then all adult individuals are destroyed and, finally, the removal of the dwelling itself is carried out.
The search for a nest can be a problem only in the case when the struggle with hornets in the apiary is made. Since predators are able to fly from a great distance, and hide their nests in groves and forest belts, the question of finding the home of these wasps may seem at first glance to be a serious task.
However, experienced beekeepers cope with this task quite simply: they catch one hornet on the apiary (for this the insect is usually knocked down by some net or tennis racket), one man holds it in dense leather gloves to avoid a bite, and the second encircles the winged predator with a red noticeable ribbon. After that, the hornet is released, and its way to the nest due to the bright beacon is easily traced visually.
Directly near the nest in the course are the following tools for the complete removal of hornets from their homes:
- insecticidal preparations - can be used as a means to remove garden pests (Aktara, Fosban, Sail), and drugs that bring home insects (Tetriks, Raptor, Get, Lambda Zone, Troopsil, Sinuzan, Carbophos);
- corrosive technical fluids: gasoline, kerosene, alcohol, used engine oil;
- boiling water.
In a number of cases, a special trap for wasps and hornets is quite effective. However, it should be noted that its use is advisable only under certain conditions.
So, to use a trap on an apiary will not work, because a bait for predators will interest and honey bees. If you want to fight with hornets in the country, then you can use this device, but there will not be a quick result. Thus, the trap helps to eliminate only some members of a huge family, but does not destroy them all.
Very affordable means for destroying the nest of hornets , allowing an instant result, are gasoline or used engine oil: they are inexpensive, but effective. In addition, using gasoline, after processing the nest, you can also burn it if the case, of course, does not occur indoors.
Insecticides are also available, but more expensive. They are used when there is a need, for example, to withdraw hornets from an attic or, for example, from a summer kitchen - i.e. where the use of flammable substances is undesirable or even in principle impossible.
Insect pests, as a rule, are used together with the aforementioned traps and are used to catch incidental flying hornets. Completely withdraw hornets in the country they will not allow, but, nevertheless, significantly reduce the number of unwanted insects in your area.
We bring out the hornet
Self-control of hornets is carried out in several ways.
In the simplest case, when the nest is under the ceiling of the building, use a conventional bucket in which water is pre-poured, and then immerse the dwelling of hornets into it. Further, this container is pressed to the ceiling and propped from below by a bar or stepladder. As a result of such actions, all the hornets in the nest perish within half an hour.
As already mentioned, you can also destroy hornets in the country by gasoline or kerosene. To do this, you need to pour a nest with liquid or set it on fire, which will guarantee the destruction of the whole family at once.
You can also use the used engine oil: a nest in this case is also poured on top, but a polyethylene sheet is placed underneath it to avoid soil contamination.
Another way to remove hornets is spraying the nest with an insecticide. Especially good for this method are preparations of contact action - Get, Chlorpyrifos, Carbophos. To eliminate predators, the insecticide is poured into a bag and wrapped in a nest in such a way that the wasps can not get out. After that, you just have to wait until all the hornets die.
Finally, to deal with hornets on the site, you can place traps with special bait or poisoned pieces of meat. As a poison used boric acid, Chlorophos or decoction of mushroom. The essence of these methods is that from the trap hornets simply can not escape , and from the poisoned bait they die within hours after the "meal."
You can fight against hornets in many ways: they are all fairly simple to implement, but, nevertheless, are dangerous, because there is always a chance of being stung.
Therefore, in the event that a large nest is found on the site, it is more reasonable to call a special service that provides services for killing hornets.
Service for the destruction of hornets: how they work
Specialized services for breeding hornets provide many companies engaged in the fight against synanthropic insects, i.e. with those whose evolution took place in conditions of close connection with man.
As a rule, specialists of every second organization specializing in breeding bugs or cockroaches can successfully remove hornets and destroy their nest.
The cost of this service will be about 1000-1500 rubles, with this extra payment will be subject to departure for the city (in the case of Moscow, a visit to a dacha in the suburbs can sometimes cost more than the work itself).
"Hornets flew to us from neighbors for half a year. We do not care, they even eat a Colorado beetle, but neighbors constantly bite, then a dog. And they can not be withdrawn - they settled in the attic, and burn them - this is the whole house to burn. The Emergency Ministry called, the guys came by the fire engine, put on their suits, just climbed to the attic, wrapped the nest in a bag and tore it off. And that's all. The package was tied up and taken away with you. In the evening, the hornets again flew over the sites, and then disappeared. "
Specialists of companies in which there is a service to eliminate hornets, process their nest with powerful fast-acting insecticides. When most of the hornets die from poison, the nest is simply cut from the place where it hangs.
As a rule, the suit of the employee of the profile organization provides him with sufficient security, because takes into account all the possible nuances of accomplishing such a task. As for the owners of the site, all its residents should be kept indoors during the operation in order to avoid the attack of angry hornets.
In villages and villages in which it is problematic to call a special service, nests with hornets are destroyed by firemen. At the same time, the price for the hornet removal service is certainly set so that potential customers carefully monitor their site and utility rooms year round, notice the appearance of the nest on time, and destroy it before the hornet becomes too much.
How to remove hornets and not suffer by yourself
Independently to conduct all work to combat hornets should be only at night, when insects move little and see poorly. However, you should not rely entirely on darkness: for the removal of hornets it is always necessary to wear clothing from a dense fabric with long sleeves, a mask of the beekeeper and tight gloves.
But even with such equipment, in no case should one lose vigilance: if the hornets began to fly out of the nest and try to sting, they should be left alone and without significant movements to go a considerable distance.
Leading the conversation about the fight against hornets, do not forget the main thing: as a result of thoughtless destruction in many regions of our country, these large insects today are objects protected by law. To destroy them is strictly prohibited. In some European countries, even serious fines are charged for this.
In general, if the hornets just visit your site for catching small insects, they should not be touched - you just have to observe simple safety rules. Yes, and the nest found in the forest is best left alone: so nature will not be damaged, and nobody will suffer from the hornets themselves.