Bites of lice look and cause about the same sensations in the infected, as well as the bites of other bloodsucking parasitic insects. In their place there are small, very itchy reddening (parents at first often attribute to their allergic reaction to the child). With a large number of bites, sometimes there are also characteristic bluish spots on the skin.
Typical bites of lice are presented in the following photo:
Lice are best known as parasites of the hairy areas of the body, and therefore the effects of infection are usually sought on the head. However, people who, for various reasons, do not change clothes for a long time, especially underwear, can receive lice that bite for any parts of the body that are under clothing. For example, the following photo shows typical bites of lice on the body:
Given that lice are potentially able to tolerate pathogens of very dangerous diseases , it is useful to know how the louse bite looks and how it differs from the bites of other insects so that, if detected and identified, take measures to get rid of parasites as soon as possible.
What are the bugs of lice?
Even the bites of lice themselves can create considerable discomfort by the constant itching and possible allergic reactions of the body to them. This is especially typical for bites of pubic lice - here the unpleasant sensations from bites literally do not allow a person to relax for a minute.
Allergic reactions to lice bites usually appear in case of serious infection and manifest themselves in the form of rashes in places of the most massive bites. There may be swelling of the tissues, and sometimes - an increase in body temperature and an increase in lymph nodes.
It is interesting
The Roman emperor Sulla suffered from pubic lice in a neglected form. His contemporaries testify that the servants almost continuously removed parasites from Sulla, and his whole body was covered with festering wounds at the places of bites.
Constant combing of itching bites can lead to suppuration of scratches and the further development of pustular infections, which in neglected form can develop into pyoderma.
No less dangerous are infections that are carried by lice when bitten. Thus, the louse and, more rarely, the head louse - are carriers of pathogens of typhus or recurrent typhoid, as well as some types of fevers. Each bite of a louse is a risk of infection of one of these diseases (infection can occur when combing bites, when lice are accidentally crushed and their internal contents are entered into the wound).
Photo of the louse on clothes:
On a note
It was typhus, carried by lice, that caused the death of many thousands of people during the Napoleonic wars and the First World War. According to some historians, during these wars the number of people killed by typhus exceeded the number of people killed on the battlefields.
Perhaps, in comparison with these dangers, the fear of being mocked by peers, which torments most of the lice infested with children, seems just childish stupidity. But it is this fear that leads to the fact that the disease has time for development. Therefore, the skin of the child on the body and head should be inspected regularly and if effective lice bites are detected immediately take effective measures.
In the photo there are nits in the baby's hair:
Most often, children become infected with lice in friendly groups - kindergartens, summer camps, hiking trails. It is upon returning from such places and under various pretexts to carefully examine the head of the child and his body.
What does the bitten skin look like?
Bites of lice look like small red little bloated spots. On a fresh bite, you can sometimes consider the point of skin puncture - there is a drop of dried blood for a while. A few hours after the bite, it is no longer visible.
With a small number of lice, their bites are not noticeable. When there are many parasites, mass bites in the most loved places merge into large spots and become like allergic rashes.
In the photo - bites of lice on the neck of the child:
And the next photo shows an inflamed biting of lice:
Bites of lice are characterized by the appearance of small bluish spots around the places of greatest damage. Dangerous in these spots is nothing, but on them pediculosis is easiest to distinguish from the bites of other insects.
With the development of the allergic reaction of the rash and the bites themselves merge into spots, the surface of which can be covered with a thin crust. Usually this does not happen, as with lice begin to fight much earlier, but in cases with homeless people this is a typical situation. In the photo you can see how the bite of lice looks, complicated by allergy and pustular infection:
There are situations when bites on the skin are completely unnoticed by an infected person: some people with a low-sensitivity skin almost do not feel lice bites and do not pay attention to their consequences. These cases are one of the most serious, because the symptoms of pediculosis in such people are felt only in the late stages of infection, and before that lice have time to multiply in huge quantities and infect many of those with whom the patient communicates.
Differences in lice bites from bites of other insects
Bites of head and pubic lice are almost impossible to confuse with the bites of other insects - no other parasite bites regularly the hairy parts of the body. Therefore, if in intimate places or on the head bites regularly appear in large quantities - this is a serious reason to suspect the presence of lice.
But bites of lice can easily be confused with bugs bugs or fleas - they have about the same size and appearance. The most characteristic difference between lice bites is the absence of pronounced chains of several bites. Such chains leave both bugs and fleas, for lice it is not peculiar.
You should also remember about the blue spots in the places of bites: they are also a characteristic sign of lousiness.
The whole process in detail
The way lice bite is very similar to a similar process in fleas. Jaws of lice have evolved into sharp stilettos surrounding the salivary canal and the oral cavity itself. With these stilettos the insect pierces the skin and gets to the nearest blood vessel, from which the blood begins to suck.
The pose of sucking blood of a louse is characteristic: it thus slightly lifts the back part of the body and tries to dip the head as deep as possible into the skin.
Photo of a louse during a bite:
During a bite, a louse injects saliva into the wound through a saliva canal, containing an enzyme that prevents blood clotting. It is this enzyme, acting on the nerve endings in the skin around the bite, causes further itching and redness. In larvae of lice, this enzyme is produced in the body in insufficient quantities, and their bites for this reason are less noticeable.
On a note
Nits do not bite, since these are just lice eggs in a special protective shell, which also provides attachment to the hair. The question is whether nits bite, usually occurs in untrained people due to the fact that the nits themselves are more visible than lice, and their amount on the head is sometimes visually greater than the number of lice due to the large number of empty shells (dry nits) . Therefore, with a constant itch, it may seem that the nits are biting, which is completely wrong.
First aid for biting lice
Immediately after the detection of bites, you should look for lice themselves. Head and pubic lice are located here: on the hair of that part of the body where bites are found.
Louse lice should be sought on the seams and the underside of the clothes that the infected person wears most often.
After the detection of parasites, it is necessary to start their removal as soon as possible.
If immediate destruction of lice is impossible, or bites cause severe pain and response of the body, they must be treated:
- Clean water with soap.
- Any means on an alcohol basis up to pure alcohol or vodka. Optimum alcoholic tincture of propolis.
- If there is inflammation or wound on the site of the bite, it is best to spread it with Fenistil gel or ointment. Not bad also help to remove a strong itch ointment Алфодерм or the Asterisk.
- If bites are complicated by an allergic reaction, they should be treated with Menovazine.
If the temperature rises after a bite or nausea and headaches appear, it is necessary to see the doctor. With a strong allergic reaction in the hospital may prescribe Dimedrol or Diazolin, as well as some specific antihistamines. You can not assign them yourself.
And you should always remember that lice is a serious parasitic disease. There is no question of modesty or silence about the facts of bites, and at the very first detected bites, one must do everything possible to properly identify parasites and begin treatment. The earlier the fight against lice begins, the easier and faster it will be to get rid of them.
Getting rid of lice and nits at home for 1 procedure: