Despite their small size, bedbugs, settling near a person, are very big problems. Their reproduction occurs so quickly that it is difficult to notice the appearance of these insects at the initial stage. In addition, eggs and larvae of bedbugs are usually hidden in hard-to-reach places, which also complicates the process of their extermination. And the process of reproduction of bloodsuckers is quite unusual and is aimed at increasing the population at an early pace.
Bed bugs are reproduced with the help of traumatic insemination. The male pierces the abdomen of the female and injects the sperm into it. Within five hours after mating, the female begins to lay eggs. During the day the female can lay up to 12 eggs, and for the entire life cycle - up to 500 pieces.
Fecundity of bedbugs and the rate of their reproduction depend on the abundance of food and favorable temperature conditions:
- bed bugs do not tolerate low (below minus 10 ° C) and high temperatures (above + 45 ° C)
- the optimum temperature for the development of eggs and larvae of bed bugs: from + 20 ° C to + 35 ° C, at lower temperatures the rate of their development slows down
- larvae of bedbugs hatch from eggs, depending on the temperature, after 5-25 days. Also, depending on the temperature, the larva of the bug develops into an adult in 30-90 days.
To understand how to successfully kill bedbugs and their eggs, you need to know the features of the reproduction of these insects, appearance and habitats.
How eggs of bed bugs look like
If you find yourself in bedbugs, rest assured, somewhere already there is a laying of their eggs. Do not waste time, it's better to start searching right away, in order to assess the scale of the problem and begin to destroy them. To find the parasites, you first need to imagine how the eggs of bed bugs look like, and secondly, it's better to arm yourself with a magnifying glass, because the size of the eggs is very small, and, thirdly, you need to know where the bedbugs lay eggs.
In the photo below, the eggs of the bed bug on the mattress are barely noticeable. As you can see, they are not so easy to find:
So, the eggs of bed bugs resemble rice in shape, they are oblong, transparent white, or yellowish, slightly curved, with a "lid" on the end, not more than 1 mm long and covered with sticky substance, through which eggs are securely attached to any surface and in any position. Do not confuse egg bugs with their droppings, which differs in dark color (the photo below shows white eggs and almost black bugs excrement).
In the masonry, usually from 5 to 12 eggs. Every mating the female tries to place in different places to ensure the survival of the offspring and reduce the risk of destruction of eggs by humans.
Where bedbugs lay eggs
It must be remembered that the bug is a very secretive insect that feeds at night, so it's rather difficult to meet it during the day. Most often, the presence of bugs in the house is detected in the morning by bitten victims. Accordingly, the eggs of parasites should be sought in the closest proximity to the human sleeping place, since the larvae and the bugs themselves usually settle closer to the source of food. And considering that bed bugs do not tolerate artificial lighting and low temperatures, their habitats will be dark, difficult to access and comfortable for reproduction.
If in the morning you have found bug bites, then start searching from the bed. To look it is necessary a mattress, bed-clothes, cracks in a bed, corners, plinths, bedside tables. In addition, if the problem of the presence of small bloodsuckers is already heavily launched, the bedbug distribution area expands significantly, and their nests can be found throughout the house: under wallpaper and carpets, in books, picture frames, behind batteries, in electrical appliances, in ventilation. If you have pets, then they must be checked. Inspect all objects carefully, from all sides, since the eggs can be attached in any position. Often next to the clutch are the larvae of bedbugs, and adults, so if you find somewhere a cluster of these insects, be sure to take a closer look and you will find the laying of their eggs.
How to effectively kill bug eggs
If you have already met the problem of bedbugs in the house and tried to withdraw them, then you know that attempts to get rid of these insects, sometimes, have to be repeated many times. It seems that these unpleasant parasites finally disappeared, when suddenly in a couple of weeks everything starts again. And the reason for this vicious circle is quite simple: destroying the bedbugs themselves, not everyone pays due attention to the destruction of eggs, believing that there is no threat. However, in them the whole danger is hidden. Eggs of bedbugs are numerous, they are hidden in hard-to-reach places, and, in addition, are very resistant to many methods of extermination, including chemical.
To understand how to effectively kill eggs of bedbugs, you need to first determine the habitat of bloodsuckers in the house. To do this, it is necessary to carefully examine all possible places for their resettlement, mentioned above. Particular attention should be paid to bed linens, folds and seams of a mattress and upholstered furniture, cracks in the bed, on the walls and the floor next to the bed.
If the examination of the results did not yield, and the eggs could not be found, it is worth the following. The laundry should be boiled for at least 20 minutes. Mattress, furniture, as well as all kinds of cracks must be treated with hot steam, or a solution of 150 ml of boiling water, 20 ml of kerosene and 15 ml of turpentine. If there are places where the wallpaper moves away from the wall, or there are cracks in the wallpaper, it is also better to process these places, and then glue the wallpaper.
If the treatment takes place in the cold season, you should take out furniture, blankets, pillows and other contaminated things on the street and leave it in the frost (not above minus 20 ° C) for a day. After this, rinse everything with hot water solution with soda or peroxide. The room is also well ventilated.
You can also use a variety of modern aerosol (like Dichlorvos), or powder preparations against bedbugs, but it should be borne in mind that they are not always effective in eliminating bug eggs . In addition, due to the presence of harmful substances in the composition of these drugs, it is necessary to follow the instructions and observe the safety measures when processing the room.
In case all these procedures did not help, it is worth talking about this problem with neighbors, perhaps, insects resort to you from them. In this case, get rid of bugs should be shared.
Self-fighting with bedbugs is a very painstaking and lengthy procedure, and if you really want to achieve results, you will have to spend your time and energy on treating the entire room from these insects and their eggs. Otherwise, the bugs will return again and again.
If you do not want to deal with this problem on your own, the best solution is to contact special organizations that deal with disinsection from bedbugs. Specialists will conduct the necessary treatment of the premises in accordance with safety requirements.
How to deal with the problem of bedbugs in the house, you decide, most importantly - do not delay its decision in the long box, otherwise the fight against a small insect can grow into a real battle with the whole hordes of these bloodsuckers.