Like any parasite, bedbugs are very unpretentious to habitat conditions. All they need is feed availability and a more or less tolerable temperature regime for life.
The only food of bed bugs is human blood and only for lack of it - the blood of small domestic animals: birds and rodents. And the temperature ideal for vital activity and rapid reproduction of bedbugs coincides with a comfortable temperature for a person, it is 25-30 ° C. That's why to look for where the bugs live, it follows where their best victim is the sleeping person ...
Habitat bed bugs
About where the bed bugs live, you can guess from their name only: they most often settle in bed. The spaces under the mattresses of beds, crevices in sofas, especially those with complex shapes, old hollow cushions, various beds with a lot of holes and cracks in the frames, are ideal places for settling these parasites. Here they are literally "handy" to the main source of feed, and here they feel most safe.
It is interesting
Like most covert insects, bedbugs have the instinct to hide in places where they can touch two surfaces simultaneously, with the abdomen and back. This creates a sense of complete security for them. In nature, they find such places under stones and driftwood, in a person's apartment - behind skirting boards, in crevices of soft furniture and between books. Thanks to a very flat body, a bug can climb into such a crevice, which may seem completely inaccessible to anyone.
In addition, the bedrooms usually maintain an optimal and stable temperature regime. Although bedbugs can normally exist in the temperature range from + 15 ° С to + 40 ° С, sharp temperature changes create a feeling of stress for them.
In the cozy bedrooms, and especially under the mattresses, the space is ventilated weakly, which keeps the temperature constant. Therefore, there bedbugs live in comfort.
Nevertheless, beds and sofas are not the only places where bedbugs are willing to spend the days moulting and multiplying. If they settle in an apartment, they should also be looked for:
- behind skirting boards and curved corners of linoleum
- under the parquet
- behind the closets and other furniture densely attached to the walls
- under the carpets
- in clothes in cupboards
- with books on the shelves
- behind the pictures
- in bedside tables and chests of drawers
- in various household appliances (in it bugs attracted by the increased temperature near coolers and compressors)
- Bugs live even in rosettes
- under the windowsills, especially - near the radiators
- under the upholstery of furniture.
Separately, it should be said about wardrobes. Many before the treatment of the apartment think about whether the bugs live in clothes and whether it is worth processing.
It can be unequivocally said that it is necessary to process clothes: the bugs hanging on the trempels are rarely chosen, but sometimes individual individuals and mobile larvae can live here. If after processing leave alive at least a few insects, after a certain period of time the number of bugs in the apartment will be restored.
But the question of whether the bedbugs live in pillows, you can definitely say - do not live. They are too large to penetrate the fabric to the very down. But under the pillowcase parasites can well live.
It is because of this "universality" of bedbugs that getting rid of them requires total processing of all surfaces and the maximum of things.
But regardless of what exactly bugs live in, the image and terms of their life are always about the same.
How many bugs live?
The average lifespan of a bed bug is 10-12 months. Bedbugs who live in cold rooms on average at a lower temperature live a little longer - up to 14-15 months. In those who inhabit rooms with an average temperature of about 30 ° C, the life span is reduced to 8-10 months. But the development of their eggs and larvae, as well as the overall rate of egg laying increases.
It is interesting
The increase in life expectancy with a general decrease in air temperature in habitats is common to all animals, including humans. Bedbugs in natural populations sometimes live to a year and a half. But at the same time they all turn out to be smaller than their thermophilic brethren.
From the entire period of life about a month or two it goes from the bedbug to the larval stage, during which it can not reproduce. The rest of the time the males work as active inseminators, and females - as non-stop conveyors for the production of eggs.
Speaking about how many bed bugs live, one can not fail to mention their ability to survive periods with unfavorable conditions for life ...
How does a bed bug feeds: a little about anabiosis
Bed bugs are typical parasites. Like all parasites, they are perfectly adapted to experiencing hunger periods. For example, when the owners of the apartment leave for a few weeks or put furniture on the street.
Without food bugs fall into a state remotely resembling anabiosis. Most processes in their body slow down, and they are able to survive almost an annual hunger strike. Especially their chances of survival increase if such a hunger strike is accompanied by a decrease in air temperature.
On a note
In a similar state, resembling a stupor, bed bugs fall out with a drop in temperature. Therefore, the removal of an infected sofa or mattress in the frost to minus 5 - minus 10 ° C is nothing to bedbugs - they will become stunted for a while, and then they will thaw again and with an increased appetite pounce on food. Kill them only the temperature in minus 22 ° C or lower.
Such a duration of permissible starvation coincides with the life span of bedbugs of other species without food. For example, water bugs and water-bugs fall into anabiosis in the winter season and normally starve for 5-6 months.
Given such abilities of bedbugs, one should not harbor the hope that during the two-week vacation and the absence of people in the apartment, the bugs will leave her in search of food. Most likely, such a temporary abstinence insects do not even notice.
On a note
The bed bug feeds once every 5-10 days. And a week-long hunger strike is going on without any problems at all.
And, at last, it is necessary to tell, how many live bugs after processing of a premise by special agents.
If the treatment is carried out as thoroughly as possible with water-based aerosols such as the Executioner, Klopomor or Tetrix, the bugs live after it for not more than two to three hours. When ingested, these drugs lead to the death of parasites in just a few minutes. The life of bedbugs in an apartment after disinfestation is determined only by that period, while the remedy falls on the insect.
Total, the morality of the whole fable for those who are looking for a way to quickly and easily destroy bed bugs in the apartment: leave for two weeks and take the sofa to a weak night frost effect in the fight against bugs will not. And to destroy them should be powerful and really effective means.