Small insects are in almost any apartment, even the cleanest and cleaned. Not always these "neighbors" are harmful and dangerous, sometimes they are so few that they can not be seen at all, but practice shows that this or that representative of this entomofauna can be found in practically any living space.
On a note
It is interesting to note that the smallest insects in the apartment can by the number of individuals significantly exceed the same cockroaches, but due to their small size, they do not pay attention to themselves.
However, the presence of any insects in the apartment is undesirable, as they either share with the person his food, or feed on tissues, paper, wood, and, moreover, can move from cellars and refuse chutes to the house, spreading infections. And some of them are bloodsucking parasites, biting people and capable of transmitting pathogens of dangerous diseases.
Therefore, if you regularly meet "incomprehensible" small insects in your apartment, do not neglect this fact. At least ask yourself: what do they eat, where they hide, how fast they multiply ...
Below are photos of some species of small insects that can be found in an apartment and whose size does not exceed 10 mm:
- The flea is a dangerous parasite of animals and humans (few people seriously think about the potential danger of flea bites, although many know that it was rat fleas that were the carriers of the plague in the Middle Ages).
- Beetle grinder. Its larvae are able to feed even paper.
- Nogochvostka. In flats, it is usually found in flower pots.
- Whitefly is the pest of domestic plants. These little white insects in the apartment can often appear with a new flower.
- Butterfly - a small fly, in its ecology associated with sewerage.
- Ants, known to almost everyone, but are one of the most difficult to breed small insects at home .
- Linen lice, today rarely seen, but quite dangerous with their bites.
- The worms, which harm the indoor flowers.
- Scales are quite common insects in apartments , which are not liked simply because of their appearance.
At the same time, the same ants are recognizable by everyone, and there is no sense in helping the reader in their definition. Therefore, we will focus on those small insects that not everyone knows.
Scales: harmless extras
Some scientists consider the Scheuinitz to be the most ancient of insects on the planet today. They have changed little over many millions of years of evolution and very much resemble the ancestors of all modern insects.
In the photo there is a sugar scales:
And here - thermobic home:
They feed on scales with various organic remains, which are found in dust and crevices, they can eat paper, bread and sugar crumbs. Harm they do not cause, and to get rid of them enough to destroy the seen on the walls of individuals.
Small species of beetles
To small domestic beetles belong кожееды, grinders, хрущаки. They damage various products, they can eat paper and spoil books. Kozheedy also damage fur coats and woolen clothes.
In the photo there is a bread grinder, one of the smallest insects in the apartment:
This beetle reaches 1.5 mm in length and does not feed in the adult state, although it does moves in many products, damaging them. But his larva eats almost everything, including paper and fibers of semi-synthetic clothing.
Bread damaged by the grubber's grubs becomes poisonous to humans. You can not eat it!
Next on the photo shows a small flour meal, specializing in cereals and flour. It's also good to eat bran:
Very small insects, also often found in the apartment - beetle-bugs, able to make holes in fur coats and furs, "cut" carpets and eat the bindings of old books:
All the above-mentioned small beetles can be quite difficult to get out of the apartment. If their larvae are found in foods, all stocks should be thrown out, and the bedside tables and shelves treated with insecticide. In cabinets and bookshelves, things and objects are treated with aerosol insecticides, and after that it is useful to place sections from moths that are quite effective from beetles.
Fleas are small jumping insects in an apartment that suck the blood of people and pets.
The photo shows a rat flea, a potential plague carrier:
There are also human, feline and canine fleas. All of them are very similar to each other, and it would be problematic to distinguish one species from another by a layman.
With abundant reproduction, fleas can cause serious allergic reactions in humans with their bites.
The fleas are taken out separately first on animals, and then in the apartment itself. In the first case, special drops from fleas to withers, anti-flea shampoos and sprays are used, in the second - powerful means of insects in aerosol form or in the form of concentrates for dilution and subsequent spraying as a spray.
The book louse is a very small insect of a brownish color, in an apartment, settling in book bindings and eating a paste.
Below in the photo, an adult specimen of a book louse (a book senoide) is shown:
These insects rarely form large colonies. Even a small group of them makes distinctly audible ticking sounds, thereby giving out their presence.
They struggle with book lice, hanging fumigation means near the shelves with books and zoological or botanical collections.
Naughty Tails - enemies of domestic plants
Nogohvostka - a small white insect, in an apartment settling in the ground in flower pots and eating organic. In the case of mass reproduction, springtails can greatly damage the roots of plants.
"I do not understand what it's like to attack such a flower pot. Some insects are white, tiny, but there are so many of them that you can not see the earth. Transplanted violets and found that in all the pots they are. Tell me, what kind of insects are they, are they dangerous? "
The photo shows a springtail with a large increase:
And below - taken from the pot of earth clod, infected with stalks:
These insects can be shed by conventional means against garden pests - Aktara or Karbofos. You can also lay out pieces of potatoes on the surface of the earth and collect insects every few days.
Whiteflies are also pests of plants, which, unlike springtails, affect leaves and stems. These insects are easily recognized by light wings.
In the photo there is a tobacco whitefly:
And here - white-winged cabbage:
If these small insects have appeared in the apartment, the plants should be immediately treated with alcohol infusion of calendula.
Whiteflies very quickly multiply and at all stages of development suck the juice of plants. A large number of them can cause the death of the bush. When a massive infection, they should be harvested with Carbophos or Aktara.
These small insects with transparent wings in the apartment usually appear in the bathroom or toilet. Butterflies are small flies with wings fringed with dark fringes. They are well recognizable due to the special shape of the wings.
The photo shows a common butterfly (Psychodidae):
Larvae of butterflies develop in garbage, in basements and sewerage, and adult flies can scatter in all apartments, laying eggs in garbage cans and dust in cabinets.
But lice - head, pubic and ward - in the apartment are rare. They are constantly present only on the head or body of a person, and on the bed or sex are completely accidental. Finding them, you should immediately check the hair of all family members and, if infected, remove parasites as soon as possible.
Sometimes in the apartment you can see very small insects remotely similar to cockroaches or bedbugs. These can be their larvae of an early age (nymphs), sometimes having a translucent chitinous cover.
The photo shows a recently shedding red cockroach, which looks almost white after moulting:
And so does the larva of the bed bug:
Such larvae can penetrate from neighboring apartments through ventilation ducts or through doors, settling or escaping from baiting. If such insects are found in single specimens, it is easy enough to destroy them. When mass contamination of the premises they occur as often as adult insects, in this case, a thorough disinfestation of the entire room should be carried out.