Moistice in general is an integral and rather important part of many natural communities. With the advent of human settlements and cities, they were quite successfully able to integrate into the urban landscape and found here quite comfortable conditions for their lives. The more so that the lice eat a very diverse food and can feel secure food almost everywhere.
Nutritional preferences played an important role in the rapid adaptation of woodlice to human settlements: it can be said that these creatures almost everywhere and everywhere can find something edible for themselves. Suitable food for them is available both on agricultural lands, and in parks and squares of cities, and directly near city houses, in cellars, in attics, or even in our bathrooms and toilets.
It is not surprising that the bug can be found almost everywhere. But in this case, especially in the eyes, they do not come across - it affects their nightlife, secrecy and love for dampness. Sometimes, even where there is a lot of lice, their existence can be long suspected.
The owners of the same garages or cellars, as a rule, discover "strange insects" by chance, finding with surprise their whole accumulations under different objects standing on the floor or on the ground. Here the lice eat, multiply and conduct their active, albeit unobtrusive, life.
On a note
The eggs are insects - they belong to the class of crustaceans.
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In the overwhelming majority of the eggs eat vegetarian food. However, it is worth mentioning also the large deep-sea decapod crustaceans: strictly speaking, they do not even refer to mochricas, but they are very similar to them and are often referred to as giant mocrins. These creatures also eat mainly algae, benthos, remnants of various dead animals, but can eat live holothurians, anemones, as well as other marine creatures with a soft body, unable to move.
The greater part of the lice are typical processors of dying and decaying plants. In forests, in fields, in plantations and even in deserts, they feed on parts of wilting plants, their roots, rotting fruits, seeds and falling leaves. Considering the fact that there are a lot of such organics in nature, the moss-eaters, as a rule, do not have problems with finding food.
Most often, the lice eat food under the stones, under old driftwood or under fallen leaves. Here, away from sunlight, plant raw materials are available and easier to rot, and the crustaceans themselves are safer and less reachable for predators.
On a note
In the digestive tract of licorice live bacteria that can digest cellulose fibers. They are not as versatile as termite bacteria, but they still ensure the normal assimilation of fairly coarse parts of plants.
Generally speaking, according to the type of food, the lice are real minimalists. Their food is quite low-calorie and contains very little fat.
As a rule, lice eat, practically without harming living plants and usually content with the fact that it falls and begins to rot (however, there are exceptions, when these legible creatures still damage the living parts of garden plants, causing them harm).
Due to this mode of eating, the lice are very useful for the biocenosis by organisms that process and dispose of large quantities of rotting plant residues.
And how abroad?
It is interesting that the lice, inhabiting the tropical regions of the globe, in their food preferences are no different from the domestic "watermelons". They also swarm under the forest floor, old stumps and stones, and creep along the wet earth at night, looking for fallen fruit and seeds.
In the tropics, due to the greater biodiversity, the lice have a much wider fodder base: here the decaying plant organics occur in abundance, and requires more "scavengers". Accordingly, the lice in the rainforest are more numerous, are represented by a large number of species and generally have larger sizes. Although, more than 5-6 centimeters they still do not grow.
There are also several species of bastards, which returned to the original element of crustaceans - fresh and salt water. Hanging near the coast, these species eat rotting remnants of plant and animal origin.
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But the lice themselves are a good food for a large number of animals. Even though their body, it would seem, is securely protected by a hard chitinous shell, and in case of danger they can curl into a ball, protecting the softer abdomen, they are happy to catch and eat the following living organisms:
- Large insects are predatory beetles, flies, wasps.
- Spiders - there is even a kind of spiders Dysdera crocata, specializing specifically on eating mochritsami. He has elongated chelicera, and is able to bite even a curled "watermelon" between the shields of the shell.
- Amphibians and reptiles. Perhaps only Tritons and Newts do not eat terrestrial crustaceans very often. Frogs, toads, lizards and small snakes eat with pleasure the scab, especially young and soft, and for some species these creatures are even the basis of the diet.
- Birds are especially small owls, eating just when the lice are actively crawling along the surface of the soil.
- Mammals - shrews, hedgehogs, rats.
Many terrariumists (amateurs and professionals who keep lizards, snakes, spiders at home) keep the lobster in special cages, breeding them as a source of feed for their pets. Compared with crickets, cockroaches and a flour worm, crustaceans with shells, of course, are less attractive food, but as an additional variety, the diet is quite suitable.
There are even methods of breeding the lice trees together with their natural enemies in one terrarium. These crustaceans are very convenient in content, since they do not impose special requirements on the microclimate, and feed on any food waste of vegetable origin.
What eat woodlice in homes and apartments
It should be understood that in the dwelling of man and near him the lice are not changed by their "food preferences". Here they also find rotting plant residues, and sometimes such, about which the owners of the dwelling do not even suspect.
There are no problems with the fodder of the lice, settling in cellars with leaking pipes. Here, germinating seeds are constantly sprouting, mold and lichens grow. And although this is not very abundant and nutritious food, but it is enough for the mocchrys. Moreover, sometimes it allows them to breed in huge quantities, after which they begin to occupy the lower apartments.
On a note
There are cases when residents of the lower flats, due to the constant penetration of the lice from the cellar, had to wage a long struggle with these arthropods - no less tense than, for example, with cockroaches.
Do not confuse the bug with scales. The latter, on the contrary, like dryness, and eat sugar and grocery leftovers in the dust. Correct identification of arthropods in the apartment will help make fighting them more effective.
Luxurious live scum in the rural cellars: here they constantly feed wilted potatoes, sprouting onions, carrots. Sometimes they are satisfied with the same food on the balconies of the apartments.
In toilets and bathrooms, lice trees can live well only if these premises are always kept at a high level of humidity (poor ventilation, leaking pipes, corners in the mold). Therefore, remember: if there are lice in the house, the sanitary situation in it requires urgent intervention.
It also happens that the lice spread in the attics of houses with a leaking roof, and then through the cracks and ventilation ducts they penetrate into the toilets, bathrooms, and the kitchen. Even if your apartment is relatively dry, but the attic is already overpopulated with crustaceans, then in this case wait for the "guests."