When choosing a remedy for lice and nits, it is important to pay attention not only to its effectiveness and ease of use, but also to the toxicity and aggressiveness of its components. For example, kerosene - a well-known folk remedy for lice - is effective and easy to use, but very dangerous. A spray LiceGuard is very safe to use, but it is effective only as a protection against infection with lice, but when removing the already appeared parasites in the hair, as practice shows, it does not always work.
Therefore, choosing a remedy for lice and nits, it is useful to first study its composition in detail and evaluate the specificity of its ingredients, as well as read reviews.
The following original rating of lice remedies includes the most effective drugs for today and will help you to understand what means from lice are as safe and easy to use as possible. Using this information, you can choose the best option for each specific case.
On a note
It is important to remember that several types and forms of lice are parasitized on a man - head louse, pubic and wardrobe. Accordingly, an effective remedy for lice and nits on the head may not be the most effective drug for fighting pubic lice, and means from lice can sometimes not be used against head parasites.
In this review we will talk specifically about the means against lice on the head, as about the most popular. By the way, many of them will be effective against other types of lice.
Types of funds and their effectiveness
The average user often flinches when he sees all the means from the lice in the pharmacy.
Their diversity can be confusing and create a problem of choice, but if you know what types of drugs are divided against lice and nits in general, and what properties are generally characterized by drugs of the same type, it will be much easier to choose.
Let's do this classification. If we talk in a simplistic way and consider the picture as a whole, then in terms of its efficiency, different types of means for combating lice can be arranged in the following order:
- pediculicidal concentrates of emulsions
- sprays from lice
- folk remedies.
On a note
In this list, the types of funds are sorted by the number of the most effective drugs belonging to one or another type in general. For example, vinegar and kerosene, which are related to folk remedies, are much more effective than most creams, but in general, the lice creams themselves, which make it possible to quickly and reliably remove parasites, are much more than effective drugs among folk remedies.
In terms of ease of use, the funds are arranged in the following order:
- folk remedies
At the same time, the difference in the complexity of use, for example, of sprays and creams is very small - sprays are applied to dry hair, and the cream is applied to damp, with additional rubbing.
And, finally, the safety of shampoos, creams and sprays are about the same, they are inferior to concentrates and some folk remedies. The most safe and at the same time quite effective against lice is the comb.
Even the most effective remedy for lice will not necessarily be able to cope with nits. To destroy the latter, either special nitrate preparations are used, or several drugs that have an effect on them, and on adult insects. At home, most nits can not be destroyed, and the remedy against lice is simply applied twice with a break in a week, which eliminates not the nits, but the larvae hatching from them.
The danger of using insecticides against lice is primarily in the possible allergic reaction to the active ingredients. This is especially true for children - some of them, it would seem, safe means can cause allergic dermatitis. And in some children and even adults, the skin can react to insecticides with dandruff, itching, atopic dermatitis, hair damage and pigmentation disorders.
All products containing insecticidal substances are prohibited for children under 5 years old, as well as for pregnant and lactating women.
The above contraindications are also relevant for strong folk remedies such as kerosene, vinegar, alcohol and hydrogen peroxide. For example, improper use of kerosene and vinegar can cause serious chemical burns to the skin, and hydrogen peroxide, even in low concentrations, leads to a change in hair color.
When processing hair for a long time, peroxide can lead to complete discoloration. This, by the way, is actively used by women in the detection of lice - to get rid of parasites enough to dye your hair with a preliminary discoloration of perhydrol.
On a note
Even relatively harmless drugs based on various herbs actually have their contraindications and side effects. This is not surprising: against lice are used quite strong tinctures of poisonous plants, in which the composition on the scalp affects both alcohol and biologically active natural components. Sometimes such funds are even more powerful than the same kerosene or preparations based on insecticides.
A particular problem is the constant appearance of populations of lice that are resistant to certain insecticides.
The reason for this - the frequent use of these insecticides at home.
Today, there are regular situations when, with the help of this or that means, lice are poisoned, but not completely destroyed, and some of the insects paralyzed and temporarily unable to bite come to life after a while, and give offspring.
Some of their descendants produce enzymes capable of utilizing a potentially deadly insecticide. These resistant descendants spread among people and multiply, not perishing from processing now harmless for them means.
Paradoxically, the more diligently we harvest lice, the more successfully we help them become resistant to the poison themselves. For this reason, the lice with different lotions, creams and shampoos must be combined with combing the dead or paralyzed parasites from the hair.
On a note
When buying an insecticidal drug, you should prefer one that includes several insecticides. In this case, the risk that the remedy does not work, is practically absent. There are also substances like Dimethicone, which do not poison parasites, but clog them with airways and lead to asphyxiation. To get used to such drugs lice can not in principle. From popular remedies Dimethicone is contained, for example, in a spray from Nyud's lice.
Also in safe America today, a means to destroy lice with high temperatures is actively promoted to the market - a special hair dryer that is designed to loosen lice with hot air (parasites die at a temperature of 50-55 ° C, quite tolerable for humans, the hair dryer does not destroy all parasites, but substantially their weakens, almost paralyzes).
After treatment with such a hair dryer, the hair needs to be carefully combed out to remove the inhibited parasites from them. Theoretically, such a complex of measures promises to be optimal in terms of safety-efficiency ratio, but test experiments are still only being conducted.
Lotions and concentrates
Lotions, concentrates and emulsions are aqueous or alcoholic solutions of powerful insecticides. Getting into an organism of a parasite, such means for deducing lice causes usually a paralysis of its nervous system and fast destruction. Some drugs of this type require special dilution before use, others are sold in ready-to-use form.
Medifox is a concentrated solution of insecticide permethrin in ethanol with the addition of castor oil. Before use, the concentrate is diluted in water with respect to 8 ml of the agent per 100 ml of water.
There is an opinion that MediFox is one of the best means for lice to be used by sanitary epidemiological stations and in special detention centers.
"I'm not saying for the child, but for adults the most effective remedy for lice and nits is MediFox. When I worked at a homeless help station, it was there that MediFox lice and they poisoned them. In almost half the cases, even nits completely die from it. "
Fossilone is an inexpensive remedy for nits and lice. It is toxic enough, can cause allergies and irritations, but with proper application it destroys lice and nits for one application due to the content of benzyl benzoate.
The price of this remedy for lice and nits is about 150 rubles per 50 ml bottle. One bottle is enough to destroy parasites from one person.
Medilis-SUPER is the only pediculicide in the range of medications from insects Medilis. Works effectively in cases where lice develop resistance to permethrin.
Medilis-SUPER has established itself as a good remedy for lice and nits of head and ward morphotypes.
Avicin is also quite effective against lice and nits, a Medifox analogue, also based on Permetrine. It costs more - 1100 rubles per bottle - and allows you to get rid of lice for one application.
Because of the high cost Avicin inferior to MediFox for accessibility. Not recommended for use in children under 5 years of age and pregnant women.
"My sister worked for four years in the state kindergarten, then moved to private. For those four years she has been infected with lice, probably six times. One time I quarreled with the parents of a lousy child that the police called. She advised me after that Avitsin, said that he is the best and is very effective against lice. At me, the blessing, they only once were. Avicin really helped. Once he put it on his head, held it as needed, washed it off, combed his head carefully, and there were no more lice. I do not know if this is really the best remedy for lice and nits, since there is nothing to compare with, but it helped me. "
Shampoos from lice
Shampoos from lice are good in cases when the patient is very lush and thick head of hair. It is the shampoo that is most easily handled by the hair completely and ensures that the product gets on the scalp.
The composition of pediculicidal shampoos from the point of view of the insecticides used differs little from that of concentrates, but usually they try to use not too aggressive substances to ensure the possibility of treating children.
Pedilin is an effective remedy against lice due to the presence in its composition of just two insecticides - tetrametrin and malathion. Due to this, Pedilin works even when parasites develop resistance to one of the components.
At the same time, this remedy for head lice has many contraindications and side effects, and it should be used with great care and in strict accordance with the instructions.
Parasidosis, generally speaking, is not the most effective remedy for lice, often requiring re-treatment for complete elimination and lice, and nits. Its advantage is the presence in the comb comb combining, careful application of which will allow combing out all nits, and with a particularly diligent approach - avoid re-treatment of the head.
The price of this remedy for lice is about 300 rubles per 110 ml bottle. Parasidosis is produced in Slovenia.
The drug for insecticidal composition is similar to MediFox, it is very effective, it allows to destroy nits . The low price of this remedy makes it particularly attractive, however, Chigiya has numerous contraindications.
The kit also includes a special comb for combing lice and nits. In most cases, the tool allows you to completely remove the parasites in one go. The cost of the bottle is about 200 rubles.
"We immediately sought a good remedy against nits. This is understandable - if a shampoo of some nits destroys, then the lice will lead out exactly. The best remedy for nits, in my opinion - is Chigia. From his head a few bakes a couple of hours, but the lice die instantly, and the remaining nits just combed comb. In addition, I have never seen a cheaper drug from lice, and buy it is not a problem, especially - with the Internet. Use it you need as a simple shampoo, but you should hold it a bit on your head, and then walk five times through the hair from the roots of the comb. At us when the son at school has caught, both to him, and to us Хигия has helped. So use, I have checked this tool, as they say, on my own skin. "
This shampoo is attractive in that it contains only natural ingredients. It is used mainly as a remedy for nits, softening their shell and promoting their peeling off from the hair.
As a stand-alone preparation, LiceGuard shampoo is usually not used, because it has a relatively low efficiency, but is used to enhance the effect of crests from lice.
The composition of shampoo also includes substances that enhance hair and improve their appearance. To buy this remedy for lice is quite difficult, one bottle costs 800 rubles, and is sold on the territory of our country mainly through the Internet.
Sprays for combating lice
Sprays are perhaps the best remedy for lice in cases of mild infection. They rarely cause side effects, are easy to use, very effective, but have limitations for use in children.
Pediculum Ultra is an effective remedy not only from lice, but also from nits (it is believed that this effect is achieved through the use of alcohol).
Produced in Russia, costs about 450 rubles per bottle, requires strict security.
Para-Plus is produced by the French laboratory of Omega Pharma, contains three insecticides in its composition and allows the lice to be withdrawn for one application.
When using the supplied comb Para Plus turns into an effective tool and from nits.
Nyuda is considered one of the best means of lice for children, since the active substance of the drug is absolutely non-toxic Dimethicone (special silicone).
This component leads to asphyxiation in parasites, and is absolutely harmless to humans.
Absolutely natural remedy for lice based on essential oils. Does not kill nits , in adult lice and larvae it causes suffocation. As a result - requires a double application.
According to numerous reviews, the disadvantage of Paranita is that it is heavily washed off the hair.
This remedy for lice is quite expensive - about 850 rubles per bottle, and can only be used as an auxiliary drug.
Typically, it is used to enhance the effect of combing hair combs.
This French aerosol is one of the most powerful of lice and nits for today, but it can not be used to kill parasites on the human body. Used A-Steam only for processing things, wardrobes and rooms, that is, against linen lice.
A-Par has a strong unpleasant odor, very toxic, can cause respiratory tract irritation. The price of this product is approximately 500 rubles for a 125-gram bottle.
Creams from lice
Creams are relatively inexpensive means of combating lice, however, they require careful diligence to treat hair and scalp, carefully applying them to the entire infected surface, and then - not less than diligent washing out of hair.
Doctors are rarely advised to use these drugs against lice because of the laboriousness of working with them, but there are various drugs of this type on sale and, as the reviews show, their use often gives no less pronounced result than the use of shampoos and sprays.
Nittifor is a very effective remedy for lice and nits in the form of a cream, as an active substance containing permethrin. Has an unpleasant smell, is not recommended for use in children younger than 5 years.
Buy Nittifor cream can be both online and in conventional pharmacies.
Nix is an analogue of Nittiphor, but the concentration of permethrin in its composition is lower, due to which this lice remedy is both effective and safer than Nittifor, and can be used to treat pediculosis in children of all ages.
Nevertheless, the safety requirements for working with it should be strictly observed.
Crests as the safest means
Crests are good because they help get rid of both lice and nits, and at the same time are absolutely safe. Their main drawback is the laboriousness of their use, but if a child or an adult patient has allergies to insecticides, these lice drugs are better than even the most delicate chemicals.
To remove lice with combs, every day, carefully comb out all the hair on the head from the roots. Combed lice and nits are washed in the bathroom or collected on a clean sheet and taken out to the street.
This comb for combing lice and nits is well advertised in Russia. Works both independently and in tandem with other means.
If you only use a comb, then you can get rid of lice in about 6-7 days of regular daily use. And when combined with other effective means of lice (based on insecticides or Dimethicone) provides the removal of parasites within 3-4 days.
The specificity of this comb from lice lies in the fact that Robi Comb not only combs the parasites, but also destroys them by electric discharge. However, in practice, there were no significant differences in its effectiveness compared to conventional combs, as evidenced by numerous reviews.
As a remedy for nits Robi Comb is ineffective.
LiceGuard is also considered a very high quality and quite effective comb for combing lice and nits.
Produced in the USA, it goes well with other products of this manufacturer.
Treatment of head lice with folk remedies has a pronounced specificity. Almost all traditional drugs are very inexpensive means, but their effectiveness is inversely proportional to safety: the faster the drug destroys lice, the more often they lead to serious side effects.
Next, we list a few folk remedies capable of destroying lice and nits, and let us say what harm they can cause to the person being treated.
Kerosene is considered the most famous and often used folk remedy for lice. Destroys both adult insects, and larvae, and nits. However, in parallel, it can lead to scalp burns and hair loss.
Before use, kerosene is diluted in a ratio of 1: 4 or 1: 6 (vegetable oil), keeps on the head until a tingling or fever occurs, usually about 40 minutes.
It should be remembered that kerosene is highly flammable!
To remove lice and nits, table vinegar is diluted in a ratio of 1: 2 with water, and acetic essence - in a ratio of 1:16. Vinegar often causes allergies, quite dangerous, especially for children.
Especially dangerous work with concentrated acetic essence, as improper dilution is fraught with getting chemical burns to the skin.
Cessation water - another very reliable tool for the treatment and prevention of pediculosis . It is not always available in pharmacies, it is quite inexpensive and when used correctly it is practically harmless.
It should be borne in mind that chinese water can be dangerous if it gets inside (if it is accidentally drunk).
This tool is attractive by its relative harmlessness. It does not cause side effects, it is simple in application - they are simply soaped with a head, as well as with any other soap.
Tar soap can be used for several days in a row: it is especially effective against lice, for wrestling with nits, you should wash your hair with soap for two weeks every other day. A significant drawback of this remedy is a strong and unpleasant odor. However, when lathering the head after it with a simple shampoo from this effect can get rid of.
Finally, we will give useful advice that will help to protect yourself (or your loved ones) from serious health problems with an unsuccessful choice of a remedy for parasites: all means from lice other than ridges should be tested for allergenicity before use. For this, the drug is applied to the elbow bend for 10-15 minutes. If after this period no skin reactions at the application site appeared (severe redness, swelling, rash), the remedy can be used to remove lice on the head.
To achieve a really fast and well-marked effect, the use of any pediculicide drug is desirable to combine with the use of a comb (for example, buy an AntiV comb for combing lice and nits). This technique helps to cope with parasites even in the most neglected cases, when other approaches do not work.
Getting rid of lice and nits at home for 1 procedure: