Remove the nits from the hair - a task, generally speaking, more complicated than simply to etch the lice on your head. If adult insects relatively quickly die of insecticidal shampoos, sprays and creams, the nits are not only resistant to most of these drugs, but, in addition, even with direct mechanical action, only with great effort can be torn from the hair. The fact is that over the long centuries of evolution and parasitism on a man, lice have learned to attach the nits to the hair so tightly that it is more difficult to tear them apart than to rip out the hair itself. Such reliable attachment of eggs substantially increases the chances of future offspring of parasites for survival.
To remove nits can be problematic even for the reason that even with the use of powerful insecticides that can kill the embryo of the louse in the egg, the nits themselves do not fall off their hair from the hair. Even being dead, they continue to hang on their hair and create an untidy look.
Therefore, you need to be ready, that even after applying highly effective means against lice, it is necessary to remove the nits from the hair mechanically. But do not be scared - this work can also be greatly alleviated.
It is interesting
In the photo below, you can clearly see what nits are. This egg is in a special capsule, enveloping hair over a long length. Such a capsule is formed from a special mucus secreted by the oviduct of a female louse and rapidly frozen in air. Even when the larva from the nits hatch, the membrane (dry nits) continues to hang on the hair for a very long time.
So, let's look at several effective ways that can greatly facilitate the removal of nits from the hair.
Mechanical method: a thick comb
Remove lice and nits from the hair with a special thick comb. This method is considered the safest for health, since it does not involve the use of chemical preparations, but it requires the greatest expenditure of time and effort.
For mechanical removal of parasites, damp hair is divided into strands, which one by one carefully, from the very root of the hair are combed several times by the comb. The whole procedure is carried out over the bathroom or over a white sheet, from which it will then be easy to shake out lice and nits on the street.
There are a lot of crests available today: in Russia there are combs RobiComb, NitFree, LiceGuard, AntiV. In addition, some pediculicidal shampoos and sprays are supplied with branded combs - just for combing insects and nits.
On a note
The most popular crest in our country today is the AntiV, in many respects due to the high quality of the product and effective design, and partly due to the massive advertising. In general, LiceGuard and NitFree combs are not inferior in performance either.
Do not rush to buy widely advertised electronic ridges to remove head lice: practice shows that the effectiveness of these products does not exceed that for simple combs, but the price is much higher. In addition, the electronic ridges in most of them have a narrower fabric, which complicates the task of fully working the hair strands.
Crests can be used as independent means for removing lice and nits, and in combination with insecticides.
To conduct an "anti-virus campaign" only by combs, the combing procedure should be carried out daily, preferably twice a day, for 10-12 days. After the first combing out, it will be possible to remove the lice and nits in the largest quantities, but there will be very few live nits among them.
Then, as the young larvae emerge from the nits, they will be removed from the hair every day. Considering that the period of development of nits is about 7-8 days, for 10 days of daily combing out of hair it is usually possible to remove all young growth of parasites.
Method of chemical: we use modern technologies
To remove lice from hair is easiest with the help of modern pediculicide drugs. Among them there are sprays, creams, shampoos, lotions, emulsions. However, most of these drugs do not have an effect against nits, except for certain preparations, which contain insecticides of a specific action - such substances penetrate the nitric membrane and destroy the embryo in the egg.
The drugs effective against nits include, for example, Pedulin shampoo, Para-Plus aerosol, Medilis Malathion emulsion. Before destroying lice and nits with these tools, you should carefully read the instructions for use and comply with all safety requirements.
Chemicals from lice are applied to hair in the manner that is implied by their shape. The drug is aged for the time allowed by the instruction and then washed off. Typically, this treatment has to be repeated in a week to destroy the larvae that are removed from the nits, which survived after the first treatment.
On a note
Some creams and shampoos from lice may not wash off the first time, and the head must be rinsed repeatedly.
More effective is the combination of chemical and mechanical methods: after the first treatment with any preparation, the wet hair after combing is combed out with a comb.
So from the head are retarded (weakened), but not dead lice and some nits. If after a single treatment with the drug the head is combed for three to four days, it is usually possible to avoid repeated use of the drug.
In general, it is necessary to understand that any pediculicidal drugs only destroy lice, but do not remove dead insects from the hair. Remove the dead parasites from the head you need or comb (you can simple, but thick), or frequent hair washing for a week.
The way is traditional, folk: grandmother's methods still work!
Among folk ways to fight against lice there are a number of quite effective remedies that really help to remove adult lice and nits. For example, kerosene, vinegar, chlenic water , cranberry juice and hydrogen peroxide - these products, in addition to toxicity for adult insects, also soften the shell of nits.
Even if the nitus survives after this, it will simply fall off the hair. After that, you can shake it off your head, wash it off or comb it out.
However, almost all folk remedies have serious contraindications and can cause harm if misused. For example:
- Kerosene and vinegar with prolonged exposure to the skin cause chemical burns, and the hair after them unpleasantly smells and may begin to fall out.
- Hydrogen peroxide with a short exposure leads to discoloration of the hair, and with prolonged action can cause allergies and burns.
- The simian water is considered to be quite allergenic.
But such means as decoction of wormwood or tansy from lice are not very effective - they do not destroy parasites, but only repel them, and therefore can only be used to prevent infection.
Against nits, an effective combination of folk remedies with combs can be effective when nits are crumbled after the dissolving action of the remedy, and then - combed out with a comb.
Folk remedies, perhaps, have a single advantage over specialized drugs from lice - they are inexpensive.
Security is above all!
When deducing lice about the safety of the procedure for their destruction, one should always think more carefully than how to quickly remove lice and nits from hair: sometimes it makes sense to treat the hair twice, but do not damage either them or the scalp.
In general, in order to avoid any trouble in the removal of lice should consider the following points:
- strictly follow the instructions for the use of a particular drug;
- if possible, use individual protective equipment - gloves, headscarf, cotton-gauze dressing;
- if there are forces and time, prefer crests to chemical agents;
- thoroughly wash off the hair after the treatment;
- Before processing the hair, check to see if the product causes an allergy. To do this, just drop it on the skin behind your ear for a few minutes and wash it off. If the skin has turned red at the application site, it is not worth using.
Especially cautious should be when using folk remedies - reviews of various side effects, as well as accidents after their use is very much (kerosene can ignite on the head, vinegar can cause severe burns with blisters).
It is also useful to remember: in order to guarantee lice without risk, serious costs, harm to health and constant combing out, it is enough just to shave the hair at the site of infection. According to scientists, it is because of the fashion for shaved pubes today that the pubic louse practically dies out as a species. So what prevents the same way to destroy the head louse?
Getting rid of lice and nits at home for 1 procedure: