Generally speaking, lice can be disposed of either in special receivers operating under the control of the Sanitary and Epidemiological Station (SES) or at home. Given the availability of a large number of pediculicide drugs on sale, getting rid of lice and nits at home is much easier than searching for a special facility in your city and going there for treatment.
However, before removing lice at home, one should be well aware of the whole process, be able to choose an effective remedy for parasites and use it correctly. Practice shows that due to a lack of understanding of some of the nuances of fighting against lice, the effectiveness of treatment even with a completely qualitative remedy is often reduced to nothing.
So let's understand how to get rid of lice at home quickly, reliably and at the same time it's safe for health.
On a note
It is not recommended to remove lice in special detention centers because the main public of these institutions is homeless people and people living in unsanitary conditions. To visit such places is undesirable not only because of their negative influence on the psyche in general (especially in children), but also because of the risk of contracting diseases there more serious than lice themselves. Therefore, removing lice, for example, a child at home - is almost the only option for parents who really care about their child.
"What a shock it was for me to detect lice from my daughter, it's hard to describe in words. Immediately thoughts: where to run, what to do. On the nose of the New Year: Christmas trees, matinees, everywhere children ... And that we stay at home all the holiday? I was ready to ask for help anywhere! Well, the husband persuaded to read on the forums how to get lice in the home. I used both shampoo from lice and comb, it managed to cope with the problem in 3 days. However, for prophylaxis then three or four times she combed her hair. "
Ways to kill adult lice and larvae
Treatment of lice in the home can be done in several ways:
- Shaving the infected parts of the body nakedly is the simplest and most universal approach. It takes exactly as much time to implement as needed for shaving your head. This method does not require serious expenses, it is safe, easy to implement, allows to improve the head skin, sunbathing under the sun in the spring and summer. But it is not suitable for those who hesitate to walk with a shaved head, and in the case of pubic lice, with a shaved pubis.
On a note
Popular today haircut on the pubic "bikini" played a cruel joke with pubic lice - a parasite in the truest sense of the word was left without places for existence. Scientists-parasitologists note a sharp decrease in the number of pubic lice in regions where this haircut is made especially often.
- Excretion of lice with special pediculicide drugs - shampoos, sprays, creams, lotions. The advantages of this method of getting rid of lice are hair preservation and quick effect. With the correct implementation to remove lice, two approaches are usually required for 2-3 hours each with an interval of 5-7 days (some drugs do not affect nits, so you have to wait until larvae of lice are released from them). Disadvantages are the risk of insecticide poisoning and the possibility of allergic reactions to them.
- Combing lice with special combs. This is a rather laborious process, time-consuming, but ensuring safety for health - there is no need for the use of poisonous substances.
- Getting rid of lice and nits at home can be done with the help of folk remedies, but they require special care and strict observance of security measures. For example, the thoughtless use of kerosene or vinegar (anointed - and forgotten) can lead to incomparably more serious health consequences than lice themselves.
On a note
Because of the large number of names that are used against lice, it may seem that several dozen types of lice are dangerous to a person: "linen", "bed", "clothes", "clothes", "pubic", "head" and t . In fact, only two types of lice are parasitized on humans - human and pubic. The first, in turn, is divided into two forms - head and ward.
To get rid of a child from lice in the warm season, it's easiest to shave it. If you do not want to clean the hair, and categorically unacceptable use of chemical insecticides and folk remedies - in this case, you should use special combs to comb out the lice. If the baby does not have acute sensitivity to weak allergens, and the procedure for removing lice and nits, you want to spend as quickly as possible, then at home, applied pediculicide drugs.
All the same is also true for treatment of pubic lice in the home. But wardrobe lice are much easier to remove - it is enough to soak the clothes contaminated with them for 24 hours in any insecticide or wash at a temperature above 70 ° C.
All drugs for getting rid of lice and nits should be used in strict accordance with the instructions for use. This will ensure both the safety of the procedure and its effectiveness.
"You can not imagine my horror when my daughter started complaining about her head being itchy, and I found out her lice. The hair is below the waist, it is engaged in oriental dances, it can not be shaved. Even the proposal to shorten it was met with hostility. And the worst thing is that throughout the class of lice walking walked. And after the first, it would seem, successful attempt to etch the vshinoe family with a special shampoo, it again appeared after attending school. Often, chemical means can not be used, so we "tore" our long hair with a comb - painfully, long, but successfully. "
Preparations for getting rid of lice
Means for treatment of lice at home are varied in price, and also differ in efficiency and safety.
Below are the names of several drugs that can quickly lead out lice in children and adults, without fear of causing harm to health (it is important only to follow the instructions).
Spray, the active substance of which is dimethicone. This compound by its chemical nature is a liquid silicone. The product does not poison the lice, but leads to a blockage in their respiratory tract.
Nyuda's remedy allows you to remove lice at home without the risk of allergic reactions.
MediFox is a rather powerful drug, and it is not recommended for children.
To get rid of lice and nits at home using MediFox it is possible only in adults.
Pediculen Ultra - a relatively inexpensive preparation of domestic production, is known for allowing to carry out not only the destruction of lice , but also nits.
However, it can cause side effects.
Pair Plus contains in its composition just three powerful insecticides and allows to cure lice in the home quickly, and often for 1 reception.
Antiv is one of the most highly advertised crests in Russia from lice. With it, you can get rid of parasites without risk to health in 5-6 days.
The comb is well proven for use in children and people with very long and thick hair.
Combs for combing lice, as well as pediculicidal drugs have many analogues, so consumers today are almost unlimited in choice. It is important only to select a device taking into account the individual characteristics of the organism and not to violate the requirements for its use.
"We generally picked up for a long time, than you can bring home lice at home. A daughter from the school brought them twice a year. We started with kerosene, and ended with crests. After all, any home remedy for lice is necessarily harmful - or burns the head, or hair, or an allergy from it. Especially kerosene is dangerous - from it natural burns remain. The child is already afraid of these procedures. And with the crest is convenient, you need to suffer a few days, but nothing dangerous. "
Maria, Krivoy Rog
Folk remedies for the destruction of lice
Folk remedies for getting rid of lice are always available, but they also have many shortcomings. The most effective of them - kerosene and vinegar - are dangerous, because they can cause skin irritation and even severe burns, dry hair.
Capricious water and tar soap are less dangerous, but the first is sometimes difficult to buy, and the second has such a persistent smell that after processing the head a few days will smell of tar. Finally, decoctions of various herbs and essential oils, safe and convenient to use, against lice practically do not work: they are designed to scare off insects, but lice can not be scared away - they simply have nowhere to go from their heads.
In general, such home remedies for lice are always inferior to modern pediculicide drugs and are used today to remove parasites only because of the cheapness. However, if you consider that there have been cases of inflammation of kerosene on the head of a child, as well as the use of unlucky parents instead of a 9% vinegar table dish incorrectly diluted with 70% acetic essence, it becomes obvious that one should not save on health.
"Lice is the nightmare of my childhood. There were three times: after the pioneer camp, visiting the pool, school. Mom smeared my head with kerosene, it burned, my head itched, my eyes watered - horror! Now with these cute insects in the heads of children had to face me. With the son it is easier - shortly tonsured, spray sprayed, and that's it! With her daughter had to tinker, after the spray to raise nits from the curls, but tolerant. But when I discovered that the lice were wound up and I, apart from the treatment of the head, disinfected the entire apartment (especially the beds) and quartz. While the insects no longer appeared. "
Destroy lice and their larvae
The destruction of lice at home using an insecticide or poisonous folk remedy is usually done according to the following general scheme:
- The hair is applied to the hair in the amounts specified in the instructions. Creams are applied to damp hair, shampoos - on wet, sprays - on dry hair before they get wet.
- The product is kept on the head for a certain period (for each drug it has its own), preferably - under a kerchief, cellophane bag or rubber cap to enhance the effect.
- Then the drug is washed off the head, and the hair is washed with clean water and shampoo.
After these procedures, it is highly desirable to comb out the hair with a thick comb, ideally the lice comb. So the deceased and weakened parasites are removed from the head, as well as the uncovered nits.
The photo shows how the treatment for lice at home:
If it is decided to get rid of lice only by comb, it is necessary to comb out hair every day. To do this, they are pulled together in the tail on one side of the head, and then separate strands stretch out from under the rubber bands, which are carefully combed out. The procedure should be carried out over a clean sheet or bath, and all the combed parasites should be washed off into the sewerage system.
How to get rid of nits
If the insecticide used does not have an ovicide effect (that is, does not kill the nit), the treatment should be repeated in a week.
This measure is due to the fact that most pediculicidal drugs, generally speaking, do not kill nits. Accordingly, from the nits after a few days, young larvae are emerging, capable of giving rise to a new population. The incubation period of lice eggs under normal conditions is 6-8 days, and in a week after the first treatment of practically all of their deferred and surviving nits, larvae will be hatched.
Almost always, instead of secondary processing, combing hair with a special comb from lice (for example, you can buy an AntiV comb) is much more effective. This approach allows you to completely get rid of lice and nits, even in neglected cases, when other options do not help.
On a note
Means such as kerosene, vinegar, alcohol, cranberry juice, Pedikulen Ultra and some others soften the sticky secret with which nits are attached to the hair. Accordingly, after treatment with these drugs, it is necessary to remove crumbling nits with the help of a comb.
"Girls, do not be lazy and for reliability remove lice again. I once small (9 and 12 years) took out the lice at home itself. Like a pickled, shampoo was good, LaisGard, but after a couple of months everything started again on a new one. It turned out that the lice were dead and their eggs survived. I had to repeat two more times. So when you get rid of lice, harass twice with a break in a week. "
When combs are used, part of the nits are combed together with lice. Simultaneously only hatched larvae are removed. Hair combing for 5-6 days provides almost complete disposal of nits at home.
Prevention of repeated infections
Knowing how to get rid of lice and nits at home is not enough to protect yourself from repeated encounters with these parasites. Almost everywhere, where a person finds himself in close contact with others, he runs the risk of contracting lice from their carriers. This is especially true for children who often violate the rules of hygiene and do not make differences, with whom to play - with homeless peers or with whom parents watch.
For reliable prevention of infection with lice:
- Avoid places where there is a high probability of contact with clothes or hair of another person - public transport, children's groups, rallies.
- Do not use other people's hair care products.
- Avoid casual sexual relations.
- If possible, do not communicate with the homeless.
Lice can not get infected from animals - they only infect humans. Therefore, adherence to basic hygiene rules will sufficiently protect a person from repeated encounters with these parasites.
Getting rid of lice and nits at home for 1 procedure: