As a rule, the bites of fleas in children lead to much more pronounced consequences than the same bites, but in adults. In most cases, it is children who need home health care after massive insect attacks, and sometimes the cases are so severe that they require a doctor's reaction and outpatient treatment.
The reasons for the more pronounced reaction of children to flea bites are many. Among them:
- more tender skin and prolonged irritation after parasite attack
- severity of allergic reaction due to incomplete formation of the immune system
- the possibility of some change in blood composition with abundant bites of fleas
- Nervous shocks are especially likely when fleas bite a child.
Because of the different susceptibilities of children and adults to different medications, a set of tools for treating flea bites in children will be quite specific.
But even before giving the children medicines, it is necessary to find out exactly whether the fleas actually bitten the baby.
Flea bites in children: how they look
In general, flea bites in children look the same as in adults, although in most cases lesions of the skin are more pronounced. In the photo below, multiple lesions of the skin on the legs of a five-year-old child are clearly visible:
First of all, noticeable tracks from three to four wounds rush into the eyes. On this basis, flea pricks are easily confused with attacks of bed bugs. However, the chains of flea bites themselves are more rare and short than those from bites of bugs.
Photo of flea bites:
But a picture of a typical picture after bites of a bed bug - one can see a characteristic path from bites:
At the site of each bite of a flea, even when the insect is on the skin, a small nibbling inflammation forms. A few minutes after the insect was detached, the opening itself, through which blood sucking occurred, is no longer visible, but a small sub- or intradermal hemorrhage is formed right next to it.
On an enlarged photo, such a pinpoint hemorrhage is seen especially well:
On a note
Such hemorrhages are caused by a salmon flea enzyme, which prevents the blood clotting from biting. With multiple skin lesions from fleas, the amount of enzyme entering the blood is so great that it can generalize the reaction of the organism, up to anaphylactic shock.
It is for point bleeding that the traces of attacks of fleas are the easiest to distinguish from the bites of other insects. But these injuries also have other distinctive features:
- Strong stitching pain at the time of injection - other parasites mask their activity with special anesthetic substances. Fleas do not do this.
- Typical red spots on the spot puncture after two to three days, when the inflammation and reaction of the skin itself pass.
- Severe itching after a bite.
- The seal of the skin, usually very strong.
In children, even single flea bites often lead to rashes on the skin. These are the first harbingers of an allergic reaction. This rash is very similar to the reaction of the skin after a nettle burn. Because of this, the traces of flea attacks are often confused with allergies to plants. The photo depicts shedding on the leg after the bites of a human flea:
"This summer we did not have a walk in the dacha from fleas. The first flea bitten the child immediately after the arrival, we have not even unpacked things. We paid no particular attention to this, but in vain. At night, everyone was itching, but Tanya was bitten from head to foot. I did not sleep, in the middle of the night I began to cry. The next morning all her legs, her ass and back were in red spots, and between them began a red rash. Anointed her with all Fenistilom, given pills for allergies, and the dacha itself was poured by Raptor. After that, the fleas were bitten, but rarely and mostly on the street. "
Irina, St. Petersburg
One of the serious consequences of flea attacks is purpura - profuse hemorrhages under the skin. However, it appears rarely and only if the child is bitten by fleas in very large numbers.
On a note
A child's acute reaction to flea bites is called a pulicosis and is considered a separate dermatological disease.
Already, depending on the severity of the child's reaction to flea bites, it is necessary to decide what to do. Sometimes this requires the use of the most accessible means, sometimes - a call to a doctor.
First steps if the baby was bitten by fleas
The first thing to do if the baby is bitten by fleas is to calm down. It's clear: the child is crying, he is all skilful, he is hurt, you are in shock and confusion. But do not panic.
We must understand that there is nothing terrible in solitary and even a few one-time bites. By themselves, they are dangerous only with regular attacks of parasites.
Nevertheless, even occasional bites of fleas require carrying out though and simple, but treatment. For this you need:
- Wash the skin with water and antiseptic soap.
- If measures are taken in the first minutes - apply ice or a cold compress.
- Anoint the site of a flea bite with anti-itch. Excellent for this fit kalaminovy solution or any cream based on Hydrocortisone. If you do not have drugs at hand, you can simply treat bites with any alcohol solution, you can even drink vodka or cognac.
Typically, in most cases, such a set of measures is enough to stop the main symptoms of bites - itching and swelling.
However, if severe manifestations of allergies have begun, it is necessary to start a special treatment.
Regardless of whether any treatment for Pulicosis is carried out, in no case should the child be allowed to comb the damage. This can lead to the discovery of infection, infection, infection and inflammation. It is optimal to bind the bite spots for half a day or so until the itching passes. Before this, it is good to treat the places of bites with sulfur ointment.
A generalized allergic reaction in a child
In children much more often than in adults, flea bites lead to allergic reactions. There are many manifestations of allergies in a child, but the main ones are:
- appearance of rashes in the area of bites
- increase in body temperature to 38-39 ° C
- Excitement and a constant sense of anxiety.
All these symptoms are signals for compulsory consultation with a doctor.
Usually, if attacks of parasites do not repeat themselves, these symptoms themselves occur within two to three days, but sometimes treatment is necessary. In this case, prescribed antihistamines, painkillers such as Diclofenac, drugs to reduce temperature.
"Our constantly sprinkles after his fleas bite. Especially scary when swelling starts. And he is very sensitive - he only needs one bite, so that his eyes and nose begin to sweat. You have to always carry Diazolin and Suprastin with you, so that if something works right away. "
It is very important not to start self-medication in these cases. Only an immunologist can accurately determine what to do if the child has a strong allergy to flea bites, and what drugs can be given without the risk of aggravating the allergy.
What infections can fleas carry?
It should always be remembered that fleas are potential carriers of pathogens of very dangerous diseases. Therefore, every bite of a flea on a child is a kind of lottery, whether the pathogen will be transmitted to the baby:
- hepatitis A
... as well as eggs of a large number of helminth species.
With a single attack, the probability of infection of any of these diseases is extremely low: a flea may not be a carrier, and the immune system can overcome the pathogen. But with frequent and persistent bites, the probability of infection increases dramatically. Therefore, if bites are detected on the child's body, first of all it is necessary to undertake the removal of fleas from the room.
Folk remedies for the treatment of flea bites in children
Against Pulicosis (the body's reaction to flea bites) there are traditional folk remedies. They mostly have a moderate effect, mostly safe and very accessible. Among them are the following:
- diluted apple cider vinegar, which is rubbed with bites
- solution of 1 tablespoon of soda in a glass of water, itching
- a solution of a spoonful of honey in two glasses of lemon juice is used to handle a large number of bites.
But in general, to treat flea bites as long as the insects themselves remain in the room - it's like drinking analgin with serious caries in the tooth. When the appearance of traces of attacks on the child's body, treatment should be carried out in parallel with actions to rid the premises of fleas. Otherwise, such treatment threatens to develop into an endless epic.