Flea bites, despite all their soreness and long-lasting pruritus, in most cases do not require special treatment and usually pass by themselves. As a rule, within 1-2 days the swelling on the site of the bite completely disappears, and after 3-4 days all the traces of reddening pass. But it does not always happen ...
Often in children, and sometimes - in women and just people with a sensitive enough and tender skin, flea bites can lead to strong local irritations, allergic reactions and even serious skin diseases. And in these cases, the consequences of insect attacks should necessarily be treated properly, and sometimes - consult a doctor.
In any case, it is not difficult to treat flea bites in humans and first aid can be given to yourself or a loved one yourself with such damages.
First aid with flea bites
Treatment of flea bites in humans is required when the various symptoms do not go away within 3-4 days, or if in the first few hours the painful sensations are too strong to endure (and sometimes this).
Itchiness from flea bites is the first symptom that attracts attention and requires the application of appropriate measures. And it is from the itch that suffer and children, and adults, and pets.
A flea bite is usually a small swelling of red or pink with a well-marked center. In this center there is a tiny hemorrhage. In the photo below, you can see characteristic flea bites:
And in the next photo - a heavily parasitized foot:
"And we rested cool! If it were not for fleas, there would be paradise in general. Already on the first day we rested in the room, and fleas bitten my legs, and then - and my husband. It is clear that on such an ancient base of rest and parasites it was possible to get stronger. In principle, there were not many of them, and we all day swam at sea and the bites quickly passed. Once I only smeared them with the "Rescuer" and everything quickly passed. "
Regardless of the strength of the sensations in the places of flea bites, all swelling should be treated as soon as possible with warm water with antiseptic soap. And if the insect has just bitten, you can immediately attach a piece of ice to the wound or frozen meat from the refrigerator.
There are several means by which it is necessary to smear flea bites already after a certain time:
- sulfuric ointment, which allows you to quickly sooth itch
- baking soda solution
- calamine solution
- any solution of ethyl alcohol, perhaps simple iodine, zelenka or even vodka.
All these remedies will help a little to ease the itch, speed up getting rid of traces of flea bites and prevent secondary contamination of the wound. This is basically all you need to do if you've been bitten by fleas.
And more serious measures should be resorted only when the bites begin to ache, swell and cause other alarming symptoms.
In no case can you comb the bites of fleas. When combing, it is possible to open and infect the wound, which is fraught with infection, inflammation and suppuration.
As a rule, fleas bite their feet, even if they attack a sleeping person. In case of severe lesions, the legs are easier to bandage in the places of the bites of fleas, having previously smeared them with ointment or lotion from itching.
On a note
On their feet, flea bites are often confused with irritations from various plants. Especially - the bites of small fleas: rat, cat, fox.
When flea bites cause allergies or a specific skin irritation, you need to start more serious treatment.
Actions for allergies to flea bites and development of irritations
Allergy to flea bites is just as common as a similar reaction to the bites of other insects. Therefore, if a person often sprinkles bees or bedbugs on bites, he also reacts to flea attacks quite sharply.
Common symptoms of allergy in flea bites are:
- rashes on the body in the area of the bites themselves
- increased excitability of the nervous system: anxiety, general agitation
- temperature increase
- shortness of breath (this is a particularly dangerous sign).
On a note
Medicine knows cases of anaphylactic shock after flea bites. Therefore, if the first signs of severe allergy after the attack of insects have appeared, it is necessary to begin treatment as soon as possible.
To treat exacerbations after flea bites, it is necessary only after contacting a doctor. Self-administration of drugs without taking into account the characteristics of the body can lead to the opposite effect and worsening of the condition of the bitten.
Usually, to reduce the manifestations of an allergic reaction, the doctor prescribes:
- antihistamines - Suprastin, Dimedrol, Loratadine
- means for lowering the temperature. The specific prescription depends on the age and general physical condition of the person
Universal means for first aid to the bitten will be Hydrocortisone - ointment from the bites of fleas and other insects with its presence immediately suppresses the manifestations of an allergic reaction. If it is known that a person reacts sharply to insect bites in general, then the flea bites should be anointed with such ointment immediately, even before the appearance of the main signs of allergy.
Hydrocortisone is also helpful in allergic reactions from flea bites in children.
Pronounced dermatophilia as a reaction to flea bites and what to do in this case
Dermatophiliasis is a kind of borderline skin between a simple bite reaction and a pronounced allergy. He already has a rash, but there are no generalized symptoms of an allergic reaction.
Dermatophiliasis, caused by flea bites, is also called pelicosis.
When it is necessary to take almost the same measures as in the simple processing of bites:
- disinfect wounds with a simple antiseptic soap
- treat bites with sulfur ointment or alcohol solution
- apply a cold compress.
In this case, all actions should be performed more often, more carefully, and in any worsening situation, consult a doctor.
Running dermatophilia without treatment can be the cause of dermatitis of different symptoms. Therefore, they should be treated as early as possible.
What infections can fleas carry?
Fleas are carriers of pathogens of a large number of diseases, among which there are deadly dangers to humans. For example, the effects of flea bites can be:
…and many others.
In principle, each insect can be a potential carrier of one or another pathogen, and therefore the bites of these parasites should be avoided, and in the premises they should be diligently harassed.
Infection with the infection can also occur after combing the bites. Therefore, it is safest to treat affected areas of the skin with means that reduce itching, and then - immediately bandage the places of bites.
Folk remedies for the treatment of flea bites
The most famous traditional preparations for the treatment of flea bites are:
- Aloe juice, which need to accurately lubricate bite marks
- apple cider vinegar, whose aqueous solution also helps to soothe itch
- lemon juice or lemon juice
- simple soda solution.
As practice shows, it is very effective right after a bite to lower a leg or an arm or a hand in cold water. After ten to fifteen minutes, the itch will pass, and the tumor will diminish in size much faster than when it is bandaged.
Today there are repellents that protect people from flea bites, even where these insects are known to be in abundance. Such drugs are very useful for travelers and those who work in nature.
A good remedy for flea bites contains special substance DETA, which reliably deters insects. Such repellents are usually sprayed on their feet, which creates a reliable protection for several hours.
Those who are bitten by the fleas at home should first of all find out how badly the apartment is infected and start fighting with parasites as soon as possible. Remember: getting rid of fleas is much easier and more reasonable than constantly treating their bites.
If fleas rise to the apartment from the basement, then do not wait and hope that they somehow "dissolve" by themselves. While you wait, the parasites multiply rapidly, bite the rats, and then settle into the apartments of the high-rise building. In such cases, it is necessary to act swiftly and decisively.