Among the variety of different types of fleas, flea canine is one of the most common. However, fleas in dogs are not only insects that belong specifically to the sight of canine fleas Ctenocephalides canis.
In reality, running and jumping on the dog small bloodsuckers can belong to a variety of species - human fleas , felines, rat, etc. eagerly eats the blood of a four-legged friend. All these types of parasites are difficult to distinguish from each other without a microscope and special skills, so when dealing with general issues of fighting fleas, the owners of dogs of all of them are usually called simply dog fleas.
It is the same dog fleas, as a separate species, a little less common than feline. They have a smaller range of possible hosts, do not reproduce so quickly, but at the same time they quite successfully infect all "dogs that come under the arm". In general, they worry about the same frequency with the same frequency as cat parasites.
Appearance of canine fleas: adult insects, larvae and eggs
Dog fleas look the same as most of their relatives: small insects 2-3 mm long, dark brown with a shiny body. An enlarged photo of a canine flea clearly shows the elongated and flattened insect body:
And in the photo of a dog flea under a microscope, the inordinately elongated hind legs of an insect are first of all thrown into the eyes. They allow the parasites to jump for a distance exceeding the length of their bodies by 100-150 times:
Even with the naked eye you can see that these insects do not have wings. This is an important evolutionary device, ensuring the ease of movement of parasites in the wool and minimal risk for the flea to be caught and crushed.
Fleas in dogs and cats are very similar to each other when choosing a food source: dogs can easily jump cat pests, and dog parasites are not averse to feeding on cats. However, in general, cat fleas are more numerous, and even on dogs are encountered somewhat more often than dogs themselves.
It is interesting
Externally, canine and feline fleas are clearly discernible only under a microscope. The canine parasites have a slightly more rounded and dull head, and on the hind legs have eight setae instead of six, as in the feline.
The larva of the dog flea looks like a small caterpillar, and outwardly it looks a bit like the flies of a fly. In the photo, under the microscope, her digestive tract is clearly visible:
The main food of the flea larvae is made up of various organic remains, down to rotting grass, and only in the nests of mammals and birds can they feed on the feces of adult fleas, overcrowded with undigested blood.
In general, to find the flea larvae anywhere is difficult enough. Certainly they will not be on the animal's fur: fleas usually lay their eggs outside the body of the host. However, if the eggs are heavily contaminated, the fleas in dogs may also be in the wool: in this case, the insects simply do not have time to jump off the animal.
The photo below shows the flea eggs:
In length, each egg is less than a millimeter, and they are visually detected only with a large amount.
Adult insects are very different from other parasites on dogs in size: even a hungry young mite, and that is larger than an adult flea. In addition, no parasite on the dog can jump so far and high as fleas do.
The only insects with which fleas have some common external features are lice and withers. Nevertheless, no matter how small the lice are, the fleas in dogs differ well from them in dark color (lice white) and in that they are always found on the animal's skin, but not on hairs. Lice all their lives spend, it is attached to the owner's woolens.
By the same token, fleas easily differ from withers. In addition, neither lice nor wings can jump. And if the parasite abruptly disappeared from the field of vision, as if it was not there - it's definitely a flea.
Details about the way of life of fleas on dogs
Fleas do not really live long on dogs. Here they only eat, spending most of their life in dark, secluded places, where they can easily get to the source of food.
Most often between meals, parasites are in booths and places where dogs rest. Usually their eggs develop here and larvae grow. And it is these places that should be checked if there are symptoms of the presence of fleas in a dog.
Fleas reproduce quickly , you can say avalanche. One female once in a few days literally sprays eggs around her, pushing them out of her body under great pressure, thereby increasing the area of her offspring. Even if she does it right on the dog, most of the eggs will fall to the floor or ground. Of these, larvae will be hatched, three times transfused, oukuplyatsya and turn into adult insects.
It is interesting
Under ideal conditions, a flea can live up to two years, taking into account three weeks of larval stage. Usually the life expectancy of the parasite is only a few weeks. The adult female in principle is able to postpone up to 5000 eggs in all life.
Adult insects leave the body of the dog as soon as possible after feeding. Far away, they can not move and hide in the pen found refuge - under the stone, in the grass, in the carpet. And there, where a flea dog ran, probably the whole route will be strewn with full parasites.
It is interesting
Fleas can recognize different levels of cortisol and corticosteroids in the dog's body. Accordingly, the fleas in a pregnant dog "know" when it should grow, and by this time are particularly active in expressing interest to it, in order to subsequently move to puppies as a more favorable and safe source of food.
Do not puzzle over the question of where fleas are taken from dogs - a pet can pick them up everywhere:
- when walking through the forest (there are plenty of fleas in the burrows of wild animals)
- from another dog on the street (or from a cat or rat)
- from a person who accidentally gets parasites on his clothes
- in any room infected with insects.
On a note
Very often dogs catch fleas, falling out in the carrion. This instinct will not allow even the cleanest dog to pass by "dohlyatinki." And all the parasites who patiently waited for the new mobile restaurant after the death of the old one, with frenzy, will pounce on the new animal.
Why are fleas dangerous for dogs?
Fleas on dogs are carriers of many dangerous diseases. For example, it is the canine parasites that carry the eggs of the cucumber chain, which grows to a length of 50 cm, and other worms.
The dogs themselves can become infected by eating parasites and can infect people accidentally if the flea from the dog enters the human digestive tract.
When bites, fleas can infect dogs with salmonellosis, brucellosis, plague and other deadly diseases. Compared with this, the flea allergy in dogs, which occurs in every fourth pet, does not seem so serious. However, in puppies, fleas can cause dangerous dermatitis and anemia.
It should be remembered that canine fleas are dangerous for a person to whom they can easily be transmitted.
At the same time, many diseases carried by parasites are also deadly for a person. Among them - plague, anthrax and encephalitis. That's why having discovered bloodsuckers on your pet, you must immediately decide how to cure the dog of fleas.
Symptoms of flea presence on the dog
The main signs of the presence of fleas on the dog are the following:
- itching in an animal, constant carding and anxiety
- detection of feces excrement in the dog's fur in the form of dark small grains
- dog allergy
- and, of course, the direct detection of insects on the pet's body.
The detection of abundant helminthic invasions in the dog's body, too, may to some extent be a sign of infection of the animal with fleas.
Means to get rid of a dog from fleas and their use
Treatment of a dog against fleas consists in processing its wool by special means. It can be:
- sprays from fleas for dogs, suitable for the most part only for adults and healthy animals and giving a quick and reliable result. Widely known today and very effective sprays from fleas Hartz and Frontline.
- Drops on the withers, allowing you to treat a flea dog, acutely responsive to aerosol. The most popular among dog breeders are Front Line, Stronghold and Advantage drops.
- Shampoos against fleas - perhaps this is the most sparing option. With them you can bathe even puppies and especially sensitive animals. Very well-known shampoos for getting rid of dogs from fleas are Beaphar, Mr. Bruno, Purity.
- Collars of fleas and mites for dogs, considered particularly effective as a preventive tool.
From fleas to dogs can be recommended and folk remedies - decoctions of wormwood, lavender and tansy. To successfully combat parasites, these drugs should be used in strict accordance with the prescriptions.
Choosing what to treat a dog against fleas, it is necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of the animal. In the ideal case, the treatment of dogs against fleas and ticks should be done by means recommended by the veterinarian.
Prevention of infection of the dog fleas
Given the dog's great chances of catching parasites, flea prevention in dogs should be done constantly. There are several measures to protect the dog from fleas:
- minimize contacts with homeless animals.
- Regular treatment of dogs from fleas before a warm season with special drops or the use of an anti-block collar.
- Cleaning of the place where the dog rests - booths, couches, rugs. Do it at least once a week.
- Regular combing of the dog with a small comb.
Such measures will reliably protect the dog from fleas, even if it accidentally brings them from the street.