Site about the fight against domestic insects

Cat fleas: how they look in the photo and how to deal with them

Если кошку одолели блохи

In most cases, fleas in cats belong to one of the most common types of fleas in general - the cat flea or Latin Ctenocephalides felis. This type of insect actively parasitizes not only on cats, but also on other animals - dogs, rats, rabbits - and just as easily and freely eats, if possible, with human blood.

At the same time, other types of fleas can be found on cats - canine, rat, human, rabbit. However, for the average owner of a mustache pet, all these fleas of a cat are the same person - the difference between the species can only be viewed under a microscope. But these bloodsuckers differ quite strongly from other parasitic insects, therefore there should be no doubt that the cat is being bothered by fleas.

Так выглядит кошачья блоха при увеличении

It is interesting

In choosing a host, fleas are generally unpretentious. One species can parasitize dozens or even hundreds of different animal species. The main thing is to keep the blood warm. Of the more than 2,000 species of these parasites, there are only about 30 such that are very tied to one type of host and cannot exchange it even for fairly close relatives. As a rule, these species are parasitic in bats and are very highly specialized in habitats and breeding grounds.

Fleas in cats: appearance and photo

Externally, fleas in cats resemble very small, smooth and shiny grains of plants. If it were not for their mobility, many cat owners would not even suspect insects at such points.

Тело у блох гладкое и блестящее

In the photo below you can see several parasites on the skin of an animal in the middle of wool: even with a slight increase, it is difficult for them to see the legs and head:

Блохи пьют кровь

Regular flea in a cat, regardless of the species, has a body length of about 2-3 mm. Different types of fleas differ from each other in the structure of the head and the number of setae on the legs.

It is possible to examine in detail how fleas look like in cats, one can only take an insect in one's hands or put it under a microscope. In the photo you can examine in detail what a flea looks like in a cat, and study the characteristic features of the body structure of this parasite:

Фотография кошачьей блохи под микроскопом

  • lack of wings - it is precisely because of this that the insect is very difficult to catch, hold between the fingers and crush
  • elongated and flattened laterally little body, providing ease of movement between the hair of the host animal
  • very long hind legs, allowing you to make giant for the size of the insect itself jumping
  • the color of the integuments: all fleas found on cats have a dark brown or black color.

It is the jumping ability of fleas that became the talk of the town. An insect can jump more than 150 times its body. If a person possessed such abilities, he could jump a distance of up to 300 meters.

Jumping on their own are good signs for identifying fleas. If the tiny creature found on the body of an animal simply disappears from the place where it was just that - this is definitely a flea. The human eye is not able to see the insect leap itself: we can only detect the parasite within a radius of 20-30 centimeters from the last place of its location.

A flea in a cat is well distinguished from other possible parasites by the following symptoms:

  • small size - ordinary ticks are several times larger
  • dark coloration and mobility - fleas and lice in cats are practically the same, but the louse has a light colored body and is extremely inactive. Dodging distinguishes fleas and from eaters.

On a note

An additional difference between fleas and lice will be the placement of parasites on the fur itself: fleas move along the skin without climbing hairs, and lice, on the contrary, sit mostly on the hairs of the animal.

Cat Flea Biology

All fleas in domestic cats have a generally similar biology. All of them are obligate parasites that can feed only on the blood of their hosts.

Взрослые особи блох питаются исключительно кровью

В экскрементах блох содержится непереваренная кровь

Reproduction of fleas occurs with complete transformation: the female lays a portion of eggs, from which, after a few days, wormlike, larvae that are not similar to adult insects hatch. They feed on either organic decaying remains or the blood of adult insects remaining in the excrement.

It is interesting:

The word “lay” does not quite correctly describe the way a flea spread eggs. Rather, it shoots them: eggs scatter from the body of the insect in different directions at high speed. This ensures that no eggs are spread over a sufficient area, one larva is removed from another, and the competition between them for food resources is reduced.

Photograph of cat flea eggs:

На фото крупным планом показаны яйца блохи

Яйца блохи: натуральный размер

Photos of flea larvae :

А так выглядят личинки кошачьих блох

Фото крупным планом: личинка блохи

The fleas of the domestic cat are constantly present on her body. They jump on the animal in order to feed, and leave it, being full. Larvae develop in the litter of the animal's nest or simply in piles of garbage. It is impossible to find larvae on the cat itself.

Options from which come fleas in cats, many:

  1. Infection from street animals.
  2. The attack of parasites living in places of rest or walking an animal: the cat can simply lie down near the mouse hole, from which insects will jump onto it.
  3. The presence of parasites in the house. As a rule, in this case, the parasites bite and people.
  4. Accidental drift into the house of insects by a person - on clothes or with household objects.

Already these reasons are enough to understand that not a single animal, not even completely domesticated, is immune from infestation by parasites.


“My Sonya never went outside on the street. Once two years ago she was brought down at home with a cat. I was shocked when I saw fleas on it. Where does a cat have fleas if it does not communicate with other animals? A veterinarian arrived, looked, and said that we have the whole loggia in fleas. I could not believe: it is unheated. But nevertheless, the doctor himself began to sweep out the corners from the corners and showed us the larvae of these filth. ”

Julia, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

Fleas as carriers of dangerous diseases of cats

The most dangerous thing in flea biology is their association with other parasites and pathogens of various diseases.

Блохи являются переносчиками гельминтов и опасных инфекций

So, fleas and worms in cats always exist side by side: eggs of worms are transferred by jumping parasites on their paws. And in the body of the tiny parasite pathogens move from one host to another:

  • the plague
  • brucellosis
  • typhus
  • rickettsiosis
  • anthrax
  • tularemia
  • salmonellosis
  • encephalitis

... and about 200 different diseases, among which are deadly for both the cats themselves and for the people who keep them. Therefore, the state of the pet should always be carefully monitored, and at the first signs of the presence of parasites in it, begin to fight with them.

Signs that there are fleas on the pet

Finding out if a cat has a flea is easy. Even with a small number of them on the body of animals, they already cause unequivocal symptoms:

  • itching - the cat starts to worry and itches constantly
  • skin rash between hairs as red dots
  • dermatitis on the ground is especially strong bites. This symptom develops quite rarely and with prolonged parasitism of insects
  • severe anemia
  • insect excrement in the form of tiny black dots between hairs
  • and finally, fleas themselves, elusive, but constantly seen visually in wool.

Если кошка часто чешется - это может быть признаком наличия у нее блох

Usually, the mere itching and constant anxiety of the animal makes it clear that the cat has fleas. A veterinarian can uniquely identify a flea in a cat after examining a pet.

On a note:

An indirect way to find out that a cat has a flea is to detect helminth infections. Among the feline worms, there are those whose eggs are carried only by fleas, and therefore the identification of these parasites clearly indicates pulyosis in the animal.

Immediately after identifying the fleas in the cat, it is necessary to start fighting with small bloodsuckers.

Flea Controls

If a domestic cat has fleas, you must first choose the right means for their breeding and treat them to the animal. And after it should be cleaned of parasites room.

Today there are many effective anti-flea drugs. All of them can be divided into several basic types:

  • flea collars are most effective for preventing cat infection. It is convenient to wear such a collar on a cat that only occasionally goes outside for a while. In this case, the remedy will effectively deter the parasites. The disadvantages of collars are that they can cause irritation to the neck of the animal. The most famous collars Hartz, Beaphar, Bolfo. Ошейник от блох для кошек Hartz
  • Insecticide drops on the withers are an effective remedy for both killing and scaring fleas. Very easy to apply - they just need to rub into the skin of the animal to protect it from parasites for several weeks - but can be toxic. Very effective drops Advantiks, Stronghold, Hartz. Капли от блох на холку для кошек Stronghold
  • Flea shampoos - the best tool for cats. They have a very mild action, non-toxic, effectively destroy parasites already present on the coat. Fleas in a pregnant cat are almost always excreted with shampoo. Quite popular are Shampoo, Phytoelite, Meadow shampoos . Шампунь от блох Чистотел
  • Flea sprays are the most radical and fairly toxic products. Used when the fleas on the animal is too much and they need to be etched quickly and immediately. They require very strict compliance with the instructions and have many contraindications. For example, fleas in a nursing cat or kitten should not be eliminated by any of these agents. Спрей от блох Фронтлайн
  • Mechanical ways to remove fleas: combing and catching fleas manually. Very time consuming and time consuming method. But, for example, in kittens under the age of one month only with its help one can get rid of parasites.

Борьба с блохами механическим способом трудоемка и часто малоэффективна

Generally, if a cat first has fleas, it can be difficult to choose a remedy, because it is not always possible to predict whether it will cause allergies or not. It is not desirable to act by trial and error, but it is better to consult with a veterinarian immediately.

How to deal with fleas in cats

It is important to understand that if a cat has fleas, it will not be limited to breeding it alone. The fight against these parasites involves a whole sequence of actions:

  1. You need to choose the right tool, focusing primarily on the safety of his pet.
  2. The tool itself must be applied in full accordance with the instructions.
  3. After that, it is necessary to carry out activities for the removal of insects from the premises. For this, special aerosol insecticides are usually used.
  4. Provide prevention of infection with fleas and the pet, and the entire premises in which it lives: lay out wormwood branches in the room or use insecticidal dusts, put a collar on the animal, keep the house clean.

In any case, when detecting fleas in cats, it is necessary either to change it or to thoroughly wash its couch, toilet and bedding. It is in these places that parasites are likely to reproduce, and they will also become the site of secondary infection after insects are destroyed only on the animal.

If you decide to fight with fleas yourself, then we recommend using only proven in practice means that have shown their high efficiency:

To write "Fleas in cats: how they look in the photo and what to fight with them" left 30 comments.
  1. Masha :

    What horrible fleas!

  2. Tatyana :

    Today I found some white little insects on my cat's cat. They spread all over my pillow! Pillowcase in bleach, a cat in its place, but I can not sleep! I feel bad, everything seems to be creeping for me. The whole Internet turned upside down, but did not find such. They are like bugs, do not jump, but just crawl. So many of them! The cat is calm, does not itch even.

  3. Varya :

    I tried different medications to ize fleas on two cats; I stopped at the local leopard drops. They are not expensive and the action lasts for several months. Shampoos and collars do not give such an effect, they are more like additional protection. With spray, we did not become friends, unfortunately, he is very problematic in the application.

  4. Mary :

    Varya, what are you writing in Bars permethrin, it is very poisonous and many cats are poisoned by them with a fatal outcome.
    The same applies to most domestic-made shampoos, sprays and powders - permethrin in the composition. In foreign drugs have long abandoned it.
    I recommend Advantage drops - without restrictions.

    • Sergey :

      Here you advertise the company Hartz, but in the USA a site was created against the products of this company, to victims, that is, animals that died or suffered from the use of collars or drops of this company. I advise you to be careful and do not risk your pets.

  5. Nyuta :

    Help! She took the kitten in the village, the fleas just swarmed. It seems to have brought, but in the room just horror, I can not sleep. Already wormwood bought, however, in the pharmacy, dry, as it is now winter and nowhere to pick. What should I do? Save

    • Tatyana Loginova :

      We somehow also could not get rid of fleas, then eventually spread a whole bottle of shampoo from fleas and wet the entire floor. Palaces had to remove everything. Two hours later I came home and washed with clean water. And, lo and behold, the fleas are gone. And so they suffered for about a month, they gnawed all my legs, it was summer, they also flogged wormwood, there was no sense from it at all.

  6. Natalie :

    Spray frontline can be used from 2 days of age.

  7. Christina :

    They took a cat (kitten), she had fleas, we brought out shampoo and it itch anyway. I did not think that there would be such problems with a cat, I had wanted a cat for a long time, but now it would be better if we didn’t take it. But we love her very much and therefore no one can throw her away ... She climbs to bed every night, always shakes her off, and now I understand that I’m doing the right thing. She sleeps with her brother or with her mother. We had a cat in a private house (now we are in the apartment). So he always walked, he left every night, and there was nothing - there were no fleas. And no one bit us.

    • Tanya :

      If a cat has lice, I sleep with it: will they not pass on me? And how to get them out?

    • Mind :

      How can the question of throwing a pet out of a BLOH even be raised? Are you out of your mind, anyway? Throw your child out of the window, if he suddenly has a runny nose!

  8. Christina :

    And now with her skin really began to itch. And so many problems. When they took it, they did not bathe for a long time, for a very long time and now I understand what the mistake was. I do not know what to do, how to get them out of the apartment. Tell me! When fleas were brought to her, they jumped around, and now they have probably spread. I do not know what to do. And I was not so afraid when I thought that they did not bite a man! And now I learned that they can still bite a person, now I can’t walk around the apartment normally. Tell me, can they live like head lice (human) in the head of the owner and bite the same way?

  9. Vasya :

    Throw out all the cats and dogs from the apartments, especially if you have children. These are permanent sources of infection in the house.

    • Stanislav :

      Infections within reasonable limits - a source of immunity. Do not throw anyone out. Care is needed for pets, that's what.

    • Anonymous :

      Go to hell, Vasya. What kind of garbage: throw out of the house ?! If a child has lice from kindergarten or from school, would you also recommend throwing him out? All insects hatch, nothing is scary.

    • Anonymous :

      Vasya, shut your mouth, and go get yourself out!

  10. Victoria :

    People! Why do you think you are worthy to live, and the beasts are not? Care for them is necessary, but not throwing! And an infection - yes, you, too, are much more ill than you are. I hate those who offend animals.

  11. Diana :

    Hello! I am 10 years old. Our cat got fleas. Do not know how! Whether it was picked up on the street, or somewhere else ... The ankles were all in bites, they bought a collar for the cat, a week ago they washed all the bedding and went over the mattresses. And reappeared, but fewer bites. And thank God, there are no larvae ... What to do?

  12. Natalia :

    God, I'm so scared. From the balcony, we heard the squeak of the kittens, we decided to search, we found the kittens, they had only 3 days. The cat died, apparently, immediately after childbirth! I felt sorry for them, took them home, feed them and distribute them later. But after a couple of days I found them with fleas, washed everyone, and I still have my six-month-old cat, I'm afraid he will pick up. What to do, tell me? Will they stay at home? I myself am in the fourth month of pregnancy. People, please help.

    • Anonymous :

      Hello, we also took a flea-haired kitten, but they cannot be processed by anything until they weigh 1 kg. I had to comb it out. She took a comb from fleas, put the kitten on her knees and combed it for three hours. Today I discovered again fleas on an already grown up cat, a colleague advised me to comb a comb, moistened in a solution of balsamic vinegar. Two liters of one cap of balsamic vinegar and scratching. Good luck and patience to you!

  13. Inna :

    From my own experience, let me give advice to all those who are confused by the appearance of fleas in animals and in the house. Wash the animal with flea shampoo, etc., then dilute this shampoo, not necessarily the whole bottle, in a bucket of water. Wipe carpets, floors, baseboards and around them with this solution - especially, and you will be pleased with the result. Shampoo should be, of course, good. If it helps the animal, then the house will be all right. Then put a flea collar on the animal. Fleas can be easily picked up in the grass, so the collar will help you and your pet!

    As for the procedure with the animal, it is better to repeat the wash after a week. It will not be superfluous.

    THE MAIN THING! Do not forget to protect small children after processing the floor, carpets and others. After all, they crawl and always pull their fingers and toys into their mouths. All good and love! )

  14. Camilla :

    Hello, do not need any shampoos and other useless and untested products! The best solution is OIL. Fleas disappear without a trace, the main thing - to clean the room. Economically, and most importantly - effectively. I advise everyone!

  15. Vano :

    Tell me, are the eggs, larvae and pupae transported themselves? That is, is it possible to bring it home in clothes, for example, if it accidentally sticks? I spent the night in the house of a man who has a cat, and fell asleep on the couch, on which she often jumps. Could I, asleep drunk, say, on a pillow, where there could be fleas or their eggs and larvae, bring it all home?

  16. Olya :

    I am so afraid of all these parasites, so we always have a cat in a flea collar, and even spray it with a pillow and the cat itself for preventive purposes - we live outside the city, and the cat walks where it wants. I am very afraid that he will pick someone up ...

  17. Vlad :

    I read the comments and sullen with you! Bought drops from fleas, otkapali cat and collar put on. They will rest in the apartment themselves, because they need to eat, and the cat has already been processed. That is, they will eat poison! Did they panic, did you have a flea wagon?

  18. Olga :

    Hello, I read your comments and I understand you well. Today she washed her cat and found black little dots. And when I saw, I was immediately surprised and climbed into the Internet, I found many different means. And decided to buy a flea shampoo. After 2 weeks everything went.

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